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BACKGROUND Primary aldosteronism caused by aldosterone-producing adenoma is the most common curable cause of secondary hypertension, but despite resection, many patients continue to require antihypertensive medications to control their blood pressure postoperatively. The Aldosteronoma Resolution Score is a preoperative 4-item predictive model for the(More)
OBJECTIVES To clarify clinical predictors for a prostate-specific antigen decrease ≥50% in response to alternative non-steroidal antiandrogen therapy and to develop a nomogram to predict the prostate-specific antigen decrease ≥50% in response to alternative non-steroidal antiandrogen therapy in patients with advanced prostate cancer that relapsed after(More)
Androgens are essential for prostatic growth and development, but also play a significant role in the pathogenesis of prostate disease. The traditional view that higher testosterone levels represent a risk factor for prostate cancer (PCa) appears to have little evidentiary support. Some studies have described a relationship between lower testosterone levels(More)
Bone metastases occur in approximately 70% of patients with advanced prostate cancer. Skeletal-related events have been correlated with reduced survival and quality of life of patients with prostate cancer. Biochemical markers of bone metabolism (e.g. bone formation, bone resorption, osteoclastogenesis) might meet an unmet need for useful, non-invasive and(More)
Prostate cancer is androgen-dependent, and hormone therapy, mainly achieved by androgen deprivation, has been one of the main treatment modalities in the clinical management of prostate cancer patients for more than six decades. In the 1980s, luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists, which reduce testosterone to castration levels, were introduced(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to retrospectively investigate clinical outcomes by relative dose and dose intensity of docetaxel (DOC) as chemotherapy for Japanese patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). METHODS A total of 145 CRPC patients who received more than 4 courses of DOC chemotherapy at 14 hospitals between 2005 and 2011(More)
The relationships between serum level of testosterone (T) and prostate cancer (PCa) are complex. The present study evaluated whether presence of PCa alters serum T levels. Subjects were 125 patients with clinically localized PCa treated using radical prostatectomy (RP), for whom pretreatment T levels were recorded. We investigated clinical and pathological(More)
Combined androgen blockade is widely used to treat patients with advanced prostate cancer. Recently, zoledronic acid was proven to be effective in preventing skeletal-related events for prostate cancer patients with bone metastases. Aim of the present study was to assess the effect of adding zoledronic acid to combined androgen blockade in the treatment of(More)
BACKGROUND Prostate cancer is often multifocal and shows histological heterogeneity among different tumor foci within the same prostate. We analyzed the origin and molecular basis of multifocal prostate cancer and genomic alterations associated with tumor progression. METHODS We examined 45 multifocal prostate cancer foci from 22 radical prostatectomy(More)
Background. The aim of this study was to determine concordance rates for prostatectomy specimens and transrectal needle biopsy samples in various areas of the prostate in order to assess diagnostic accuracy of the transrectal biopsy approach, especially for presurgical detection of cancer in the prostatic apex. Materials and Methods. From 2006 to 2011, 158(More)