Learn More
Transcription elongation by RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) is negatively regulated by the human factors DRB-sensitivity inducing factor (DSIF) and negative elongation factor (NELF). A 66-kilodalton subunit of NELF (NELF-A) shows limited sequence similarity to hepatitis delta antigen (HDAg), the viral protein required for replication of hepatitis delta virus(More)
Negative elongation factor (NELF) is a human transcription factor complex that cooperates with DRB sensitivity-inducing factor (DSIF)/hSpt4-hSpt5 to repress elongation by RNA polymerase II (RNAPII). NELF activity is associated with five polypeptides, including NELF-A, a candidate gene product for Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome, and NELF-E, a putative RNA-binding(More)
Human DSIF, a heterodimer composed of hSpt4 and hSpt5, plays opposing roles in transcription elongation by RNA polymerase II (RNA Pol II). Here, we describe an evolutionarily conserved repetitive heptapeptide motif (consensus = G-S-R/Q-T-P) in the C-terminal region (CTR) of hSpt5, which, like the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA Pol II, is highly(More)
In the present study we demonstrated the protective effects of the spin-trapping agent alpha-phenyl-tert-butyl nitrone (PBN) against fulminant hepatitis with jaundice in LEC rats. In LEC rats an excess amount of copper is accumulated in the liver and causes hepatitis with severe jaundice. PBN was subcutaneously administered every 2 d at the concentration of(More)
The multisubunit transcription elongation factor NELF (for negative elongation factor) acts together with DRB (5,6-dichloro-1-beta-D-ribofuranosylbenzimidazole) sensitivity-inducing factor (DSIF)/human Spt4-Spt5 to cause transcriptional pausing of RNA polymerase II (RNAPII). NELF activity is associated with five polypeptides, A to E. NELF-A has sequence(More)
Recent studies have suggested that Spt6 participates in the regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II (RNAPII). However, its underlying mechanism remains largely unknown. One possibility, which is supported by genetic and biochemical studies of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is that Spt6 affects chromatin structure. Alternatively, Spt6 directly controls(More)
DNA damage-induced ubiquitination of the largest subunit of RNA polymerase II, Rpb1, has been implicated in transcription-coupled repair for years. The studies so far, however, have been limited to the use of bulky helix-distorting DNA damages caused by UV light and cisplatin, which are corrected by the nucleotide excision repair pathway. Non-bulky,(More)
Suppressor of Ty (SPT) genes were originally identified through a genetic screen for mutations in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae that restore gene expression disrupted by the insertion of the transposon Ty. Classic members of the SPT gene family, SPT11, SPT12, and SPT15, encode for the histones H2A and H2B, and for TATA-binding protein (TBP),(More)
The protective effects of Rooibos tea (RT), Aspalathus linearis, against damage to the central nervous system (CNS) accompanying aging were examined by both the thiobarbituric acid reaction (TBA) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) methods in brains of chronically RT-treated rats. Ad libitum administration of RT was begun with 3-month-old Wistar female(More)
BACKGROUND The human Spt4/Spt5 complex, termed DRB-sensitivity inducing factor (DSIF) is a dual regulator of transcription that stimulates, or, when cooperating with negative elongation factor (NELF), represses RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) elongation. Spt4 and Spt5 are also thought to be involved in mRNA capping, homologous DNA recombination, and(More)