Naosuke Nonoguchi

Learn More
Telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) is up-regulated in a variety of human neoplasms. Mutations in the core promoter region of the TERT gene, which increases promoter activity, have been reported in melanomas and a variety of human neoplasms, including gliomas. In the present study, we screened for TERT promoter mutations by direct DNA sequencing in a(More)
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 is a potent neurotrophic and angiogenic peptide. To examine possible protective effects of FGF-2 gene expression against transient focal cerebral ischemia in rats, a replication defective, recombinant adenovirus vector expressing FGF-2, was injected intraventricularly 2 hours after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO).(More)
In photodynamic diagnosis, 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) is widely used for the fluorescence-guided resection of malignant brain tumors, where 5-ALA is converted to protoporphyrin IX, which exhibits strong fluorescence. Little is known, however, about the detailed molecular mechanisms underlying 5-ALA-induced fluorescence. To resolve this issue, we analyzed(More)
A 62-year-old man presented with a very rare cerebral aneurysm arising from the trunk of the persistent primitive trigeminal artery (PPTA) manifesting as subarachnoid hemorrhage. Angiography showed a saccular aneurysm at the curved mid-section of the trunk of the left PPTA of the adult type. The patient underwent surgery via the left subtemporal approach,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) administration and bone marrow stromal cell (MSC) transplantation could improve neurological deficits after occlusive cerebrovascular disease. In the present study, we examined the effects of neurological improvement after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in rats by a novel(More)
Carmustine (BCNU) implants (Gliadel(®) Wafer, Eisai Inc., New Jersey, USA) for the treatment of malignant gliomas (MGs) were shown to enhance overall survival in comparison to placebo in controlled clinical trials in the United States and Europe. A prospective, multicenter phase I/II study involving Japanese patients with MGs was performed to evaluate the(More)
Bevacizumab is effective in treating radiation necrosis; however, radiation necrosis was not definitively diagnosed in most previous reports. Here we used amino acid positron emission tomography to diagnose radiation necrosis for the application of bevacizumab in treating progressive radiation necrosis. Lesion/normal tissue ratios of <2.5 on(More)
OBJECTIVE (PpIX) fluorescence induced by 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA), which appears in various tumors including malignant gliomas, is a good navigator for tumor resection. However, some non-neoplastic tissue also shows a weak PpIX fluorescence. The origin of non-neoplastic PpIX is still unknown, and three hypotheses on its origins can be proposed: tumor(More)
Occlusive cerebrovascular disease leads to brain ischemia that causes neurological deficits. Here we introduce a new strategy combining mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and ex vivo hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) gene transferring with a multimutated herpes simplex virus type-1 vector in a rat transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model.(More)
The cell type and localization of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-producing cells in human radiation necrosis (RN) are investigated from a histopathological and immunohistochemical standpoint using clinical specimens. Eighteen surgical specimens of symptomatic RN in the brain were retrospectively reviewed. These cases included different original(More)