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Germinal center (GC) B cells are highly susceptible to apoptosis. The cellular mechanism regulating this sensitivity, however, has not yet been fully delineated. To investigate whether follicular dendritic cells (FDC) are capable of regulating the susceptibility to apoptosis of GC B cells, we constructed a GC model in vitro: emperipolesis of tonsillar B(More)
Isolated follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) showed true and pseudoemperipolesis of fresh tonsillar lymphocytes, even after long-term (50-day) cultivation. Emperipolesis by FDCs was not restricted by allotype specificity, nor was it inhibited by the addition of antibodies against MHC-I & II antigens. Follicular dendritic cells predominantly engulfed B-cells;(More)
We have made several improvements in the method of fixation of the inner ear and the enzyme-histo-chemical technique for carbonic anhydrase (CA) detection. The results confirmed that CA is localized in the hair cells of the organ of Corti, Deiters' cells or nerve endings, inner pillar cells, Boettcher's cells, stria vascularis, spiral ligament, spiral(More)
Plasma membrane disruption is a common form of cell injury in many normal biological environments, including many mammalian tissues. Survival depends on the initiation of a rapid resealing response that is mounted only in the presence of physiological levels of extracellular Ca(2+). Vesicle-vesicle and vesicle-plasma membrane fusion events occurring in(More)
The inhibitory effects of CO2 on slowly adapting pulmonary stretch receptors (SARs) were studied before and after administration of acetazolamide, a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, or nifedipine, a calcium channel blocker, in anesthetized, artificially ventilated rabbits after vagus nerve section. CO2 inhalation (maximal tracheal CO2 concentration ranging(More)
Although carbonic anhydrase (CA) plays an important role in respiration, there is little information about CA in the respiratory system except for the lung. We examined the entire nasal cavity of guinea pig to identify CA activity using an enzyme-histochemical method. CA activity was detected in a group of morphologically distinct nasal epithelial cells.(More)
Diabetes mellitus may be an independent risk factor for disturbance of cardiac function, but the detailed mechanism remains unclear. In the present study, histological examinations were carried out on 25 hearts from diabetes model rats as well as myocardial biopsy materials from patients with diabetes (n = 25). The mean diameter of the cardiac myocytes in(More)
Tissue specimens from guinea pigs were examined using an enzyme-histochemical reaction to explore the presence of carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity in the trachea. CA activity was detected in a group of morphologically distinct epithelial cells, in goblet cells, and in glands of the tracheal mucosa. The epithelial cells showing CA activity were distributed(More)
  • N Sugai, S Ito
  • 1980
The ultrastructural localization of carbonic anhydrase activity in mouse gastric mucosal cells as revealed by the cobalt bicarbonate histochemical method of Hansson has been made. In addition the effects of fixatives used for ultrastructural studies have been evaluated for reduction of carbonic anhydrase activity; exogenous erythrocyte carbonic anhydrase(More)
We examined the histochemical localization of carbonic anhydrase (CA) in Bowman's glands by light and electron microscopy. Neither CAI nor CAII was detected immunohistochemically in the duct cells. However, by enzyme histochemistry the duct cells revealed electron-dense precipitates demonstrative of CA in the microvilli and intercellular digitations. The(More)