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Ghrelin, a novel growth-hormone-releasing peptide, was discovered in rat and human stomach tissues. However, its physiological and pharmacological actions in the gastric function remain to be determined. Therefore, we studied the effects of rat ghrelin on gastric functions in urethane-anesthetized rats. Intravenous administrations of rat ghrelin at 0.8 to(More)
To determine the intrarenal localization of receptors for atrial natriuretic polypeptide (ANP) in the rat, we performed autoradiography and binding assay by using 125I-labeled alpha-rat ANP (alpha-rANP). Autoradiography at the slice and microscopic level in the kidney and binding assay in isolated glomeruli demonstrated that receptors in the renal cortex(More)
Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) is a congenital intestinal disease, characterized by the absence of ganglion cells in the distal portion of the intestinal tract. Recently, three susceptibility genes have been identified in HSCR, namely the RET protooncogene, the endothelin B (ETB) receptor gene (EDNRB), and the endothelin-3 (ET-3) gene (EDN3). To investigate(More)
PURPOSE Hepatoblastoma is the most common malignant liver tumor in childhood. Multicenter studies elucidate the optimal pre- or postoperative chemotherapeutic regimens. This report reviews the results of the Japanese Study Group for Pediatric Liver Tumor Protocol-1 (JPLT-1) and compares its outcomes with published reports of other studies. METHODS From(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic control of serum angiotensin I converting enzyme (SACE) levels has been suggested. A study was undertaken to elucidate the role of this polymorphism in sarcoidosis. METHODS Three hundred and forty one unrelated healthy controls and 103 consecutive patients with sarcoidosis participated in the study. SACE levels and an insertion/deletion(More)
Hepatoblastoma (HBL) is the most common malignant liver tumor in young children. Recent reports have shown that the beta-catenin gene was frequently mutated or deleted in HBLS: To elucidate the role of beta-catenin abnormalities in HBLs, we searched for mutations of beta-catenin and APC as well as expression of the target genes, cyclin D1, c-myc, and(More)
PURPOSE Patients with high-risk neuroblastoma who have multiple copies of MYCN fare much worse than do those without MYCN amplification; however, it has not been clarified whether intensified chemotherapy with or without blood stem cell transplantation can alter the extremely poor prognosis of patients with amplified MYCN. METHODS AND RESULTS Between 1985(More)
Despite the progress of therapy, outcomes of advanced hepatoblastoma patients who are refractory to standard preoperative chemotherapy remain unsatisfactory. To improve the mortality rate, novel prognostic markers are needed for better therapy planning. We examined the methylation status of 13 candidate tumor suppressor genes in 20 hepatoblastoma tumors by(More)
Most umbilical hernias in children close spontaneously. Complications associated with umbilical hernias are rarely observed during follow-up. We report herein a 5-month-old girl with a strangulated umbilical hernia. Her umbilicus was hard, reddish, and irreducible. Plain radiography of the abdomen showed signs of mechanical ileus. The patient was thus(More)
It has been established that alpha-hANP, the newly discovered peptide extracted from human cardiac atria, has potent natriuretic and hypotensive actions. Our present investigation is the first to demonstrate that alpha-hANP is capable of protecting against pulmonary edema caused by various chemicals, using isolated perfused guinea pig lung system. Lungs(More)