Naomi Ohnuma

Learn More
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) causes oxidative stress to the cell and induces apoptotic cell death. Signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (Stat3) is one of the most important molecules involved in the initiation of liver development and regeneration, and has recently been shown to protect cells against various pathogens. In order(More)
Ncuroblastomas often undergo spontaneous differentiation and/or re gression in vivo, which is at least partly regulated by the signals through neurotrophins and their receptors. Recently, glial cell line-derived neuro-trophic factor i<.DM i and a second family member, neurturin (NTN), have been found to mediate their signals by binding to a heterotetramcric(More)
Neuroblastoma, the most common malignant solid cancer of children, has an ability to differentiate in vitro and in vivo. This biological property has a significant influence upon the prognosis of patients with neuroblastomas. Neuronal cells express three alternatively spliced forms of c-src mRNA (nonneuronal c-src, neuronal c-srcN1, and neuronal c-srcN2),(More)
Telomerase, an enzyme related with cellular immortality, has been extensively studied in many kinds of malignant tumours for clinical diagnostic or prognostic utilities. Telomerase activity is mainly regulated by the expression of hTERT (human telomerase reverse transcriptase), which is a catalytic component of human telomerase. To evaluate whether the(More)
The genetic linkage of atopy to chromosome 11q13 through maternally derived alleles has been previously reported. Linkage analysis in Japanese families did not confirm the existence of a major gene for atopy at this locus under the model of autosomal dominant inheritance. However, we observed a significant association between serum total IgE levels and(More)
The biological features and prognosis of neuroblastoma, a neural crest-derived pediatric tumor, are closely associated with expression of the Trk receptor. Because the Shc family proteins (ShcA, ShcB, and ShcC) are adaptors for various receptors, including Trk receptors, and are regulators of neuronal cell development, we speculated that they may play a(More)
Genomic amplification of the N-myc protooncogene in neuroblastomas correctly predicts poor outcome for the patients. However, the prognosis for neuroblastomas with a single copy of N-myc is also poor in cases diagnosed after 1 year of age but good in infantile cases. To elucidate the different prognoses depending upon the age of the patients with(More)
The International Neuroblastoma Staging System and Pathology Classification were proposed in 1988 and in 1999, respectively, but their clinical value has not yet been fully studied in new patients. Six hundred and forty-four patients with neuroblastoma treated between January 1995 and December 1999 were analysed by these classifications. The 4-year overall(More)
A substantial fraction of neuroblastomas found by mass screening have been suggested to regress spontaneously because of the high incidence of infantile neuroblastomas in the screening population. In this study, 70 neuroblastomas were analyzed for expression of proto-oncogenes related to neuronal differentiation to clarify the biological significance of(More)