Naomi Nomura

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FTY720 (2-amino-[2-(4-octylphenyl) ethyl]-1,3-propanediol hydrochloride) is an immunosuppressive agent that inhibits allograft rejection. We recently demonstrated that FTY-phosphate, the active metabolite of FTY720, acts as a full agonist for sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) receptors. Furthermore, activation of S1P receptors with their natural ligand, S1P, as(More)
Structurally modified 3-(N-benzylamino)propylphosphonic acid S1P receptor agonists that maintain affinity for S1P1, and have decreased affinity for S1P3 are efficacious, but exhibit decreased acute cardiovascular toxicity in rodents than do nonselective agonists.
Naïve T cells, when activated by specific antigen and cytokines, up-regulate adhesion molecules as well as chemokine receptors on their surface, which allows them to migrate to inflamed tissues. Human studies have shown that CXCR3 is one of the chemokine receptors that is induced during T cell activation. Moreover, CXCR3-positive T cells are enriched at(More)
The increase in the intracellular Na+ concentration ([Na+](i)) during myocardial ischaemia is crucial for ischaemia/reperfusion cell injury, and the cardiac subtype of the Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE-1) has been shown to be a major pathway for Na(+) loading. While the importance of glycolytically derived ATP for the optimal functioning of membrane transporters(More)
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