Naomi Maruyama

Learn More
PURPOSE Somatic mutations of PIK3CA, which encodes the p110alpha catalytic subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, have recently been shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis and progression of human breast cancers. In this study, the frequency of PIK3CA mutations and their relationship with clinicopathologic and biological variables were(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the association of glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) expression with resistance to neoadjuvant paclitaxel followed by 5-fluorouracil/epirubicin/cyclophosphamide (P-FEC) in human breast cancers. The relationship of GSTP1 expression and GSTP1 promoter hypermethylation with intrinsic subtypes was also(More)
Anti-tumor immunity is thought to play a significant role in chemotherapeutic response of breast tumors. In the present study, we investigated whether tumor infiltrating FOXP3+ regulatory T cells, CD8+ cytotoxic T cells, and IL17F+ helper T cells were associated with a pathological complete response (pCR) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). Breast cancer(More)
PURPOSE We recently developed the one-step methylation-specific PCR (OS-MSP) assay which can detect methylated DNA (met-DNA) in serum with high sensitivity. To examine its prognostic value, we applied this new assay to the detection of met-DNA in serum of breast cancer patients. METHODS Serum samples taken before surgery from 336 primary invasive breast(More)
AIMS It has been reported that glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) expression is implicated in resistance to taxanes (docetaxel and paclitaxel) in human breast cancer cells in vitro. In the study presented here, we examine whether GSTP1 expression is associated with resistance to docetaxel or paclitaxel in human breast cancers. We also investigated the(More)
We attempted to develop a highly sensitive and specific method for the detection of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) using a digital PCR (dPCR) assay for PIK3CA mutations (i.e., H1047R, E545K, and E542K) in primary breast cancer patients. The sensitivity of the dPCR assay for the mutant alleles was examined using cell lines with PIK3CA mutations and proved to(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of GATA binding protein 3 (GATA3)-positive breast cancers as well as the association of GATA3 expression with response to chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Tumor specimens obtained before neoadjuvant chemotherapy [paclitaxel followed by(More)
The breast cancer susceptibility gene 1 (BRCA1) and glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) promoters are reportedly often methylated in breast cancer tissues. Their methylation status in surrounding normal breast tissues has not been examined thoroughly although this may well be important for a better understanding of breast carcinogenesis. In this study,(More)
14-3-3σ is a tumor suppressor gene induced by p53 in response to DNA damage and reportedly associated with resistance to chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to investigate whether 14-3-3σ expression is also associated with resistance to neoadjuvant chemotherapy consisting of paclitaxel followed by 5-FU/epirubicin/cyclophosphamide (P-FEC) in human breast(More)
In a previous study, we established a one-step methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (OS-MSP) assay for the detection of methylated DNA (met-DNA) and total DNA levels in serum. For the present study, this OS-MSP assay was used for patients with breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in order to investigate the prognostic(More)