Naomi Iihoshi

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Bacterial and viral upper respiratory infections (URI) produce highly variable clinical symptoms that cannot be used to identify the etiologic agent. Proper treatment, however, depends on correct identification of the pathogen involved as antibiotics provide little or no benefit with viral infections. Here we describe a rapid and sensitive genotyping assay(More)
A survey of 100 rural households in a village in the Chaco region of Bolivia revealed a serious problem of Taenia solium cysticercosis, with a seroprevalence of 99/447 (22%) in humans and 102/273 (37%) in pigs. Risk factors for humans were being in older age groups, absence of sanitary facilities, poor formal education and inability to recognise infected(More)
BACKGROUND This study aims at obtaining unbiased estimates of the sensitivity and specificity of existing screening tests for Trypanosoma cruzi and at simulating the effectiveness of alternative screening strategies at different prevalence rates. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS A systematic random sample of 400 was taken from 1200 banked serum samples of donors(More)
High seroprevalence rates for Helicobacter pylori are reported in developing countries, yet few seroincidence studies exist that determine age of initial acquisition and risk factors for H. pylori seroconversion. Two H. pylori serosurveys were conducted in August 1996 and November 1997. Of 188 children aged 21 months to 6 years who were seronegative in the(More)
BACKGROUND The causative agent of Chagas disease, Trypanosoma cruzi, is divided into 6 Discrete Typing Units (DTU): Tc I, IIa, IIb, IIc, IId and IIe. In order to assess the relative pathogenicities of different DTUs, blood samples from three different clinical groups of chronic Chagas disease patients (indeterminate, cardiac, megacolon) from Bolivia were(More)
It is important to clarify the distribution of infected triatomine bugs in the endemic area of Chagas' disease for proper control. In the present study, we tried to detect T. cruzi kinetoplast DNA by PCR from dried triatomine feces collected from the house wall of an endemic area to assess the distribution of infected bugs more easily. The primers (P35/P36)(More)
In August 2002, two cases of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) were confirmed in Mineros and Concepcion, within the Santa Cruz Department of Bolivia. Extensive alteration of the native ecosystem, from dense forest to pasture or sugarcane, had occurred in both regions. An ecologic assessment of reservoir species associated with the human disease identified(More)
BACKGROUND In view of ongoing pandemic threats such as the recent human cases of novel avian influenza A(H7N9) in China, it is important that all countries continue their preparedness efforts. Since 2006, Central American countries have received donor funding and technical assistance from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to build(More)
We report the results of an investigation of a small outbreak of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in 2002 in the Department of Santa Cruz, Bolivia, where the disease had not previously been reported. Two cases were initially reported. The first case was a physician infected with Laguna Negra virus during a weekend visit to his ranch. Four other persons living(More)
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