Naomi Hirata

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The preventive effect of statins on coronary events is not only associated with the cholesterol-lowering effect of these drugs, but also various direct effects on the vascular wall, which include improvement of endothelial function, antioxidant activity, and anti-inflammatory activity. We investigated whether short-term statin therapy could improve arterial(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine whether the extent of fibroproliferative changes on high-resolution CT (HRCT) scan influences prognosis, ventilator dependency and the associated outcomes in patients with early acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). DESIGN A prospective observational cohort study. SETTING Intensive care unit in a teaching hospital. (More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively evaluate whether the thin-section computed tomographic (CT) appearance has prognostic value for prediction of mortality, number of ventilator-free days (ie, days without mechanical ventilation), and 28-day risk of barotrauma in patients with a clinically early stage of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) from diverse(More)
A 76-year-old man who was taking prednisolone and methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis presented with gastric ulcers. Chest X-ray images showed multiple pulmonary nodules. Transbronchial lung biopsy specimens showed lymphocytic infiltrates but no malignant cells. The radiographic findings gradually ameliorated over a month, but then deteriorated 5 months(More)
BACKGROUND Although characteristics of intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) in mucosal immunity have been well defined in the intestine, bronchial IELs have been little investigated. Recently, we showed that bronchial IELs have a distinct function that partly resembles that of intestinal IELs; however, surface antigen expression of bronchial IELs and the(More)
T cells play an important role in the pathogenesis of bronchial asthma. However, it is not completely known how circulating lymphocytes infiltrate into the airways of asthmatic patients. Because SCID mice are unable to reject xenogenic transplants, many xenotransplant models using various human tissues have been developed. Therefore, to examine the(More)
BACKGROUND Many types of inhaled medications are used for the treatment of asthma; however, inadequate inhalation techniques and poor adherence cause exacerbations of asthma symptoms. It is necessary to therefore provide adequate instruction to acquire correct inhalation techniques. This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of individualized inhalation(More)
A 67-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of a cough and hemoptysis. Chest CT and bronchoscopy demonstrated a polypoid tumor in the truncus intermedius. The pathological diagnosis of the biopsy specimens was glomus tumor, which is an extremely rare tumor of the respiratory tract. We performed a successful bronchoscopic removal of the tumor(More)
An 83-year-old man was found to have multiple pulmonary nodules and ground-glass opacities after a left upper lobectomy for non-small-cell lung cancer. After bronchoalveolar lavage and transbronchial lung biopsy, he was put on a regimen of steroids for a tentative diagnosis of organizing pneumonia. Over the course of 3 months, the radiographic findings(More)
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