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Orphanin FQ/nociceptin (OFQ/N) and its receptor share substantial structural features and cellular actions with classic opioid peptides and receptors, but have distinct pharmacological profiles and behavioral effects. Currently there is an active debate about whether OFQ/N produces hyperalgesia or analgesia. Using a well-defined brainstem pain-modulating(More)
Primary palmar hyperhidrosis (PPH) is a unique disorder of unknown cause. It is characterized by excessive perspiration of the eccrine sweat gland in the palm, sole, and the axilla. It is presumed that PPH results from overactivation of the cholinergic sympathetic nerve or dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system. There have been no genetic studies on(More)
Although vasospastic angina (VSA) is usually controlled by medications, refractory or lethal cases are occasionally encountered. We performed bilateral endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) in 5 male patients with refractory VSA. Prior to ETS, stellate ganglion blockade was performed in 4 patients to reduce VSA attacks and to confirm the effect of(More)
OBJECTIVE Our surgical results were reviewed to clarify the cause of glossopharyngeal neuralgia (GPN) and the effects of the microvascular decompression (MVD) procedure. METHODS Fourteen cases of idiopathic GPN were operated on through the transcondylar fossa (supracondylar transjugular tubercle) approach. Their clinical data and operative records were(More)
The present study was performed to determine the origin of cardiac sympathetic postganglionic fibers and to demonstrate their distribution in the heart. Young dogs were used in this study. Wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) was injected into various regions of the heart, and cholera toxin B subunit (CTB) and WGA-HRP were injected into(More)
Antiepileptics used for treating neuropathic pain have various actions including voltage-gated Na(+) and Ca(2+) channels, glutamate-receptor inhibition, and GABA(A)-receptor activation, while local anesthetics are also used to alleviate the pain. It has not been fully examined yet how nerve conduction inhibitions by local anesthetics differ in extent from(More)
Diffusion of alcohol in neuroadenolysis of pituitary gland (NALP) was observed by injection of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) or wheat germ agglutinin-HRP conjugates (WGA-HRP) into the pituitary of the cat. After small-amount injection of WGA-HRP into the pituitary, WGA-HRP labeling was observed markedly around the third ventricle and the ventral part of the(More)
The intrinsic ganglia of the heart of a young dog were studied by computer graphic reconstruction to determine the accurate location. The heart was embedded in celloidin, and transverse sections were cut. Using every third 60 microns section, a series of 49 sections was mapped. Three-dimensional (3D) images were constructed by a personal computer. Numerous(More)
The present study was conducted to investigate changes in uncuffed endotracheal tube (ETT) leak during laparoscopic surgery. The study included 31 patients aged between 1 and 6 years scheduled for elective laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy. Inspiratory and expiratory tidal volumes (TVi and TVe) were measured during mechanical ventilation, and ETT leak was(More)