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BACKGROUND It has been reported that cystine and theanine, amino acids related to glutathione synthesis, have immunomodulatory effects, such as suppressing inflammation after strenuous exercise. In this study, we examined the effects of oral administration of cystine and theanine during the perioperative period as a pilot study. METHODS Forty-three cases(More)
Over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription medication abuse has been rapidly increasing, yet publications on OTC abuse in adolescents are limited. We present a brief literature review and a novel report of antihistamine dependence emerging after admission in an adolescent, subsequently treated with naltrexone. This case highlights the need to take a thorough(More)
In the present study, we examined the toxicity of benzyl ITC (BITC) and its urinary mercapturic acid metabolite (BITC-NAC), using a normal renal proximal tubular cell line, pig LLC-PK1. BITC increased cell death with an IC(50) value of about 7 μM, whereas the cytotoxic effect of BITC-NAC was five times weaker than that of BITC. We observed a significant(More)
BACKGROUND Preventing interbowel adhesions still remains a challenge. Peritoneal mesothelial damage can induce postoperative adhesions. Our study evaluated the effects of 3% trehalose solution on mesothelial protection and adhesion prevention. Also, we compared this novel solution with Seprafilm regarding efficacy. METHODS Mesothelial damage was induced(More)
OBJECTIVES Metabolic syndrome has received attention as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, with particular importance attached to visceral fat accumulation, which is associated with lifestyle-related diseases and is strongly correlated with waist circumference. In this study, our aim is to propose waist circumference cut-off values that can be used(More)
An allergen-stimulating cytokine, interleukin-13 (IL-13), plays a significant role in allergic inflammation. Benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC), derived from several cruciferous vegetables, significantly suppressed the IL-13 expression in the calcium ionophore-stimulated human basophilic KU812 cells. Down-regulation of phosphorylated mitogen-activated protein(More)
We investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying phloxine B (PhB)-induced photocytotoxicity in human T lymphocytic leukemia Jurkat cells. In addition to apoptosis-related biochemical events, photo-irradiated PhB generated intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), induced phosphorylation of c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK) in an oxidative stress-dependent(More)
Pre-treatment with α-tocopherol (α-Toc) potentiated cytotoxicity induction by benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC). Biochemical events related to apoptosis, such as DNA ladder formation and caspase-3 activation, were also enhanced by α-Toc. These results suggest a significant role of the caspase-3 pathway in apoptosis induction regulated by α-Toc in combination.
Since dietary flavonoid glycosides, including quercetin 4'-glucoside from onion, are poorly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, they are converted into smaller phenolic acids, which can be absorbed into the circulation. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of the major phenolic acid catabolites of quercetin 4'-glucoside, including(More)
Ascorbic acid (AsA) is known as an antioxidant but concomitantly possesses a pro-oxidant property. Because the impact of AsA on photodynamic therapy response is unclear, we investigated the effect of AsA on photocytotoxicity induced by phloxine B in human acute promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. AsA synergistically enhanced phloxine B-induced(More)