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HuC encodes an RNA binding protein homologous to Drosophila elav that serves as an excellent early marker for differentiating neurons. We have characterized the promoter of the zebrafish HuC gene by examining the ability of 5'-upstream fragments to drive expression of green fluorescent protein (GFP) in live embryos. We determined that 2.8 kb of the(More)
Neural activity results in long term changes that underlie synaptic plasticity. To examine the molecular basis of activity-dependent plasticity, we have used differential cloning techniques to identify genes that are rapidly induced in brain neurons by synaptic activity. Here, we identify a novel cadherin molecule Arcadlin (activity-regulated cadherin-like(More)
Visinin is a retinal cone cell-specific protein (molecular weight 24,000, pI 5.1). To investigate its function, visinin cDNA was isolated from a chick retinal lambda gt11 cDNA library, using anti-visinin serum. The beta-galactosidase-visinin fusion protein was used for purifying epitope-selected antibody. The purified visinin antibody reacted only with a 24(More)
RATIONALE The prefrontal cortex is implicated in the pathophysiology of depression, and hypoactivity of this brain area has been found in depressed patients. Reduced function of the serotonergic and noradrenergic systems is another feature of depression. OBJECTIVES The present study was aimed at characterizing neurochemically and behaviorally the(More)
Neural activity induces the remodeling of pre- and postsynaptic membranes, which maintain their apposition through cell adhesion molecules. Among them, N-cadherin is redistributed, undergoes activity-dependent conformational changes, and is required for synaptic plasticity. Here, we show that depolarization induces the enlargement of the width of spine(More)
The effects of the repeated administration of milnacipran, a serotonin (5-HT)-noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI), on the functional status of somatodendritic 5-HT1A receptors, and postsynaptic 5-HT1A receptors were explored using electrophysiological approaches in rats. In-vitro electrophysiological recordings in the dorsal raphe nucleus showed that(More)
The location of three glucocorticoid responsive elements (GREs) in rat neuropeptide Y (NPY) gene was determined by chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) assay and nucleotide sequencing. We have reported that mRNA content of rat prepro-NPY is increased by 1.7-fold in NG108-15 cells by 1 microM dexamethasone, suggesting the presence of GRE in the gene. To(More)
Puralpha, a single-stranded DNA binding protein, recognizes a PUR element (GGN repeat). We have reported that Puralpha binds to a single-stranded oligonucleotide probe containing the cAMP response element (CRE) of rat somatostatin gene using a gel mobility shift assay. Here, we showed that Puralpha binds to the probe only in the presence of a PUR element by(More)
We examined the toxicity of methamphetamine and dopamine in CATH.a cells, which were derived from mouse dopamine-producing neural cells in the central nervous system. Use of the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction revealed that transcripts of the endoplasmic reticulum stress related gene (CHOP/Gadd153/ddit3) were considerably induced at 24-48 h(More)
Drosophila ELAV, a neuron-specific RNA binding protein, is expressed in all neurons right after their birth. This specific pattern of expression has led to its use as a pan-neuronal marker. At least three members of the elav family, HuD, HuC/ple21 and Hel-N1, have been reported to be neuron-specific in vertebrates, although it is unknown which member of(More)