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Diverse epidemiological factors are associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) prevalence in different populations. However, the global landscape of the genetic changes in HCC genomes underpinning different epidemiological and ancestral backgrounds still remains uncharted. Here a collection of data from 503 liver cancer genomes from different(More)
The membrane inhibitor of reactive lysis (MIRL) protects host cells from complement-mediated lysis. It was detected immunohistochemically in tangled neurons and dystrophic neurites of Alzheimer disease (AD) tissue in a pattern highly similar to that observed for the membrane attack complex of complement, C5b-9. MIRL was also detected in cultured IMR-32(More)
The antitumor activities and capacity for tumor necrosis factor (TNF) production of traditional Chinese herbal preparations (Zhu-ling-tang, Xiao-chai-hu-tang), crude drugs (Polyporus, Hoelen, Bupleuri radix, Angelica radix, Cnidii rhizoma, Cinnamomum cortex), and Krestin (PSK) were investigated. These drugs were given to DDY mice in the drinking water(More)
BACKGROUND Salsolinol, a neuropharmacologically active compound, is formed by the condensation of acetaldehyde (AcH) with dopamine (DA) in the brain. The aim of our study was to examine the effect of a high concentration of AcH on salsolinol formation and to compare the release of DA, serotonin (5-HT), and salsolinol in the striatum and nucleus accumbens(More)
To assess the dose-dependent effect of cyanamide (CY, a potent aldehyde dehydrogenase inhibitor) on salsolinol release in the striatum, rats were treated with CY (25, 50 and 100 mg/kg) plus ethanol (EtOH,1 g/kg) intraperitoneally. Striatal salsolinol was detected using in vivo microdialysis coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography with an(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effect of grade 3 nasal conjunctivochalasis (NCCh) on the tear film inflammation, ocular surface findings, and tear function findings. DESIGN Prospective, observational case series. METHODS Eleven eyes with Yokoi grade 3 NCCh in which the chalatic conjunctiva occluded the punctum and 18 eyes without NCCh but with central or(More)
The tyrosine kinase (TK) family is an important regulator of signaling pathways that control a variety of physiological and pathological conditions, and a substantial proportion of TK genes are genetically altered in cancer. To clarify the somatic mutation profile of TK genes and discover potential targets for gastric cancer (GC) therapy, we undertook a(More)
Gastric cancer is the second common malignant neoplasia in Japan, and its poorly differentiated form is a deadly disease. To identify novel candidate oncogenes contributing to its genesis, we examined copy-number alterations in 50 primary poorly differentiated gastric cancers using an array-based comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH). Many genetic(More)
The CX(3)C chemokine, fractalkine (FKN, CX(3)CL1), has multiple functions and exists as two distinct forms, a membrane-anchored protein and a soluble chemotactic peptide that cleaves from the cell surface FKN. In this study, we first demonstrated the expression of FKN in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha- and interleukin (IL)-4-stimulated human fibroblasts.(More)
PURPOSE Eosinophils are known to have important roles in the pathogenesis of allergic conjunctivitis. Prostaglandin (PG) D2, which has been implicated as a factor in allergic diseases, is known to have chemotactic activity for eosinophils. Its receptor, chemoattractant receptor homologous molecule expressed on TH2 (CRTH2), serves as a receptor for PGD2 and(More)