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The mouse model for familial adenomatous polyposis, Apc(Min/+) mouse, contains a truncating mutation in the Apc gene and spontaneously develops numerous adenomas in the small intestine but few in the large bowel. Our study investigated whether dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) treatment promotes the development of colonic neoplasms in Apc(Min/+) mice. Apc(Min/+)(More)
Subchronic toxicity of gallic acid (GA) was investigated in F344 rats by feeding diet containing 0, 0.2, 0.6, 1.7 and 5% GA for 13 weeks. Each group consisted of 10 rats of each sex. Toxicological parameters included clinical signs, body weight, food consumption, hematology, blood biochemistry, organ weights and histopathological assessment. Body weight(More)
Fat intake and obesity are positively correlated with pancreatic cancer in humans. N-Nitrosobis(2-oxopropyl)amine (BOP) induces pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas limited to Syrian golden hamsters, other rodents not being susceptible. In the present study, we found markedly high levels of serum triglycerides and total cholesterol in Syrian golden hamsters,(More)
Epidemiological studies have shown a positive association of colon cancer with hyperlipidemia. Furthermore, signaling generated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha and gamma ligands, suggested to be candidate tumor preventive agents, has been shown to lower serum triglyceride levels. In the present study, we assessed hyperlipidemia in(More)
We demonstrated recently that mofezolac, a cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) selective inhibitor, suppresses the development of azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colonic aberrant crypt foci in F344 rats and intestinal polyps in APC1309 mice. In the present study, we therefore investigated the effects of mofezolac on colon cancer development. Male F344 rats were injected(More)
In our previous study, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma) agonist, pioglitazone, suppressed both hyperlipidemia and intestinal polyp formation in Apc(1309) mice at doses of 100 and 200 ppm in the diet. In contrast, it has been reported that doses of 1500 or 2000 ppm of another PPAR gamma agonist, troglitazone, enhanced colon(More)
Apc gene-deficient Min and Apc(1309) mice feature a hyperlipidemic state with a markedly low expression level of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) compared to their wild-type counterparts. We previously showed that induction of LPL mRNA by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha and gamma agonists or an LPL selective inducer suppresses both high(More)
We have previously reported a hyperlipidemic state in two strains of Apc-deficient mice, Min and Apc(1309), associated with low expression levels of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) in the liver and small intestine, and enforced induction of LPL mRNA by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)alpha and PPARgamma agonists clearly suppressed hyperlipidemia(More)
Fat intake and obesity are positively correlated with pancreatic cancer in humans. N-nitrosobis(2-oxopropyl)amine (BOP) induces pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas limited to Syrian golden hamsters, other rodents not being susceptible. In the present study, we found markedly high levels of serum triglycerides (TGs) and total cholesterol (TC) in Syrian golden(More)
We have recently shown that the prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) receptor EP(3) plays an important role in suppression of colon cancer cell proliferation and that its deficiency enhances late stage colon carcinogenesis. Here we examined the effects of EP(3)-deficiency on two-stage skin carcinogenesis. 7,12-Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (50 microg/200 microl of(More)