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The mouse model for familial adenomatous polyposis, Apc(Min/+) mouse, contains a truncating mutation in the Apc gene and spontaneously develops numerous adenomas in the small intestine but few in the large bowel. Our study investigated whether dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) treatment promotes the development of colonic neoplasms in Apc(Min/+) mice. Apc(Min/+)(More)
Epidemiological studies have shown a positive association of colon cancer with hyperlipidemia. Furthermore, signaling generated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha and gamma ligands, suggested to be candidate tumor preventive agents, has been shown to lower serum triglyceride levels. In the present study, we assessed hyperlipidemia in(More)
Subchronic toxicity of gallic acid (GA) was investigated in F344 rats by feeding diet containing 0, 0.2, 0.6, 1.7 and 5% GA for 13 weeks. Each group consisted of 10 rats of each sex. Toxicological parameters included clinical signs, body weight, food consumption, hematology, blood biochemistry, organ weights and histopathological assessment. Body weight(More)
In our previous study, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma) agonist, pioglitazone, suppressed both hyperlipidemia and intestinal polyp formation in Apc(1309) mice at doses of 100 and 200 ppm in the diet. In contrast, it has been reported that doses of 1500 or 2000 ppm of another PPAR gamma agonist, troglitazone, enhanced colon(More)
Fat intake and obesity are positively correlated with pancreatic cancer in humans. N-nitrosobis(2-oxopropyl)amine (BOP) induces pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas limited to Syrian golden hamsters, other rodents not being susceptible. In the present study, we found markedly high levels of serum triglycerides (TGs) and total cholesterol (TC) in Syrian golden(More)
To determine whether low-dose oral administration of cadmium (Cd) induces renal toxicity, six groups of female Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a diet containing low amounts of CdCl2 or Cd-polluted rice at concentrations up to 40 ppm, and were killed after 12, 18, and 22 months (experiment 1). In addition to the determination of cortical Cd levels and(More)
Dose- and time-response studies of urinary bladder carcinogenesis due to orally administered sodium o-phenylphenate (OPP-Na) were performed using 5-week-old male Fischer 344 rats given diets containing 0 (control), 2500, 5000, 10,000, 15,000 or 20,000 ppm OPP-Na for 104 weeks and fed basal diets until 112 weeks (experiment 1). In addition, rats received(More)
We have recently shown that the prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) receptor EP(3) plays an important role in suppression of colon cancer cell proliferation and that its deficiency enhances late stage colon carcinogenesis. Here we examined the effects of EP(3)-deficiency on two-stage skin carcinogenesis. 7,12-Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (50 microg/200 microl of(More)
We demonstrated recently that mofezolac, a cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) selective inhibitor, suppresses the development of azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colonic aberrant crypt foci in F344 rats and intestinal polyps in APC1309 mice. In the present study, we therefore investigated the effects of mofezolac on colon cancer development. Male F344 rats were injected(More)
Epidemiologically, a high-fat diet is associated with the risk of colon cancer. In addition, serum levels of triglycerides (TGs) and cholesterol have been demonstrated to be positively associated with colon carcinogenesis. We recently found that an age-dependent hyperlipidemic state (high serum TG levels) exists in Apc-deficient mice, an animal model for(More)