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We examined whether auxin/indole-3-acetic acid (Aux/IAA) proteins, which are key players in auxin-signal transduction, are involved in brassinosteroid (BR) responses. iaa7/axr2-1 and iaa17/axr3-3 mutants showed aberrant BR sensitivity and aberrant BR-induced gene expression in an organ-dependent manner. Two auxin inhibitors were tested in terms of BR(More)
Harmony is one of the most fundamental Japanese values. It is derived from Confucianism and encompasses a state of mind, an action process and outcomes of the action. This article draws on research data and discusses Japanese nurses' perceptions of harmony as reflected in their everyday practice. The most important virtues for these nurses were reported as(More)
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are steroidal phytohormones that are essential for many processes in plant growth and development, such as cell expansion, vascular differentiation, and responses to stress. The effects of BRs on cell division are unclear, as attested by contradictory published results. To determine the effect of BRs on cell division, the tobacco(More)
The performance of MabSelect SuRe and IgSelect affinity chromatography resins designed for process-scale purification of antibodies was investigated. Various antibodies (4 human monoclonal, 1 human polyclonal and 1 bovine polyclonal antibody and 1 Fc-fusion protein) were used to evaluate the elution pH and dynamic binding capacity of the resins. The elution(More)
To understand the early steps of C(27) brassinosteroid biosynthesis, metabolic experiments were performed with Arabidopsis thaliana and Nicotiana tabacum seedlings, and with cultured Catharanthus roseus cells. [26, 28-2H(6)]Campestanol, [26-2H(3)]cholesterol, and [26-2H(3)]cholestanol were administered to each plant, and the resulting metabolites were(More)
NK012 is a micelle-forming macromolecular prodrug of 7-ethyl-10-hydroxy camptothecin (SN-38), an active metabolite of irinotecan. It is accumulated and retained in tumor tissues and gradually releases SN-38 in an enzyme-independent manner. NK012 was previously demonstrated to have stronger antitumor activity than irinotecan in a broad range of human(More)
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