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BACKGROUND Excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) is the lead enzyme in the nucleotide excision repair process. Two polymorphisms of ERCC1, T19007C (rs11615) and C8092A (rs3212986), have been reported to affect both the carcinogenesis and the survival of the patients who received platinum-based chemotherapy, but the mechanism by which these(More)
Ghrelin is a novel growth hormone-releasing peptide isolated from human and rat stomach that induces weight gain by increasing food intake and reducing fat utilization. Although recent data indicate that ghrelin is downregulated in human adult obesity, the characteristics of human obesity are heterogeneous, especially in children and adolescents, and depend(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Adrenomedullin (ADM) is a member of the calcitonin family of regulatory peptides, and is reported to have anti-inflammatory effects in animal models of Crohn's disease (CD). We investigated the therapeutic effects of daikenchuto (DKT), an extracted Japanese herbal medicine, on the regulation of endogenous ADM in the gastrointestinal(More)
PURPOSE We developed a method for predicting true-negative lymph node metastases in clinical IA non-small lung cancer (NSCLC) by the combined evaluation of computed tomography (CT), 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) findings and the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of primary tumors. METHODS The subjects of(More)
Purpose. Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), the two major forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), have histopathologically and immunologically different characteristics. We previously reported that a traditional Japanese medicine, daikenchuto (TU-100), ameliorated a trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid- (TNBS-) induced type-1 model colitis(More)
BACKGROUND To propose 'never-smoking nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC)' as a separate entity, the clinicopathologic differences of operable NSCLC between never-smoking patients and patients with a history of smoking were investigated. METHODS The medical records of 1405 patients with primary NSCLC who underwent a complete resection at the study(More)
BACKGROUND Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a key event in cancer progression. The expression of EMT-related factors in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and their impact on clinicopathological variables was examined. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 137 NSCLC patients who underwent surgical resections were investigated. The expression of Twist,(More)
Six new triterpenes, saponaceolides E (1), F (2), and G (3), and saponaceoic acids I (4), II (5), and III (6) were isolated from the fruiting body of the fungus Tricholoma saponaceum, and their structures were elucidated on the base of extensive NMR experiments. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited inhibitor activity against B16 and L929 cells.
Recent studies have suggested that Fas-mediated apoptosis is involved in the pathogenesis of intestinal injury. In this study, we determined the role of Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) interactions in different T cell compartments using a murine model of small intestinal injury. An intraperitoneal injection of 145-2C11 (anti-CD3) antibody into C3H/HeN, BALB/c and MRL(More)
Smoking is an independent prognostic factor of lung adenocarcinoma. Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) is one of the strongest carcinogens and it is present in both the environment and cigarette smoke. In this study, the effect of B[a]P on the proliferative activity of lung adenocarcinoma cells was investigated. A lung adenocarcinoma cell line, A549, was cultured with(More)