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BACKGROUND More than 500 enzymes need niacin coenzymes. Therefore, elucidation of the control mechanisms of coenzyme metabolism is fundamentally important. OBJECTIVE NAD(+) is involved in ATP production. Because energy expenditure is generally higher during the day than at night, we investigated whether the metabolism of nicotinamide changes at various(More)
In the present study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of the known oxycoumarins poncitrin (3), osthol (4), and xanthoxyletin (5), newly isolated from Clausena guillauminii (Rutaceae), together with the known carbazoles heptaphylline (1) and 7-methoxyheptaphylline (2) on inducible-nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression induced by lipopolysaccharide(More)
In 2005 we established the first American-style summer treatment program (STP) for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) located outside North America. This program was based on methods established by professor Pelham and has been used in a number of studies and at a number of sites in the USA. A total of 137 children diagnosed with(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE In a prior study, we showed no significant relationship between intake and balance of magnesium (Mg). Subsequent further investigation disclosed that intakes of both Ca and P were positively correlated with their respective balances, whereas intake of Mg did not show any significant correlation with Mg balance. In this paper, we(More)
The balance of minerals (sodium [Na], potassium [K], calcium [Ca], and magnesium [Mg]) was measured in six female students for 10 d while under a relatively low Na intake (100 mmol/d or 2.2 g/d) with receiving adequate Ca (20 mmol/d or 800 mg/d) and Mg (12 mmol/d or 280 mg/d). Both the plasma renin activity (PRA) and aldosterone level were above the(More)
BACKGROUND The origin of moisture in diarrhea feces is unknown but may represent the unabsorbed part of intestinal contents or alternatively, body fluid excreted into the digestive canal. If the latter mechanism contributes to moisture in the feces, active transport of water (H2O) associated with ion exchange channels may be involved. OBJECTIVE To(More)
A metabolic study to evaluate nutritional balance, in which subjects have to eat all the foods supplied and maintain a set schedule, is thought to be stressful for the subjects. The effects of stress on the immune system have been studied extensively. However, there are no studies of non-specific immunological changes during a metabolic study. Serum opsonic(More)
The content of calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) in sweat during exercise is considerably higher during a relatively low intake of sodium (Na) of 100 mmol/d than with an intake of 170 mmol/d. For this reason and also because Ca and Mg have a negative balance with a Na intake of 100 mmol/d, we analyzed the relationship between Na intake and balances of Ca and(More)
In the previous analysis of our human mineral balance studies, we demonstrated positive correlations between the balances of calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) and sodium (Na) intake in the range of 3.06 and 4.06 g/d or 43.71 and 96.40 mg/kg body weight (BW)/d, but there was no correlation between Na intake and Na balance. This suggested that the balances of(More)
We have investigated the structure–activity relationship between 63 natural oxycoumarin derivatives and their effects on the expression of inducible-nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) induced by lipopolysaccharide. The protein expression of iNOS was screened by Western blot analysis, and four 5,7-dimethoxycoumarins were selected as potent inhibitors of iNOS(More)