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OBJECTIVES Structural and functional changes in pulmonary vessels are prevalent at the initial stages of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). These vascular alterations can be assessed using cross-sectional area (CSA) of small pulmonary vessels. However, neither in non-COPD smokers nor in COPD patients it has been defined whether the structural(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) is associated with rapid decline in lung function, poorer health-related quality-of-life outcomes, and frequent exacerbations, compared to COPD alone. Although the numbers of patients with ACOS have increased, there is little established evidence regarding diagnostic(More)
Abnormal survivin expression has been reported to be involved in many types of cancer. A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), C-31G, located in the promoter region of survivin reportedly may alter the mRNA level, while the significance of the nonsynonymous SNP A9194G in exon 4 has not yet been clarified. Here, the association between the two survivin SNPs(More)
BACKGROUND Right-sided heart catheterization (RHC) and pulmonary digital subtraction angiography (PDSA) are the standard methods used in diagnosing suspected or defi nite chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). We studied the ability of 320-slice CT imaging to detect simultaneously chronic thromboembolic fi ndings in the pulmonary arteries(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis of daytime hypercapnia (Paco2 >or= 45 mm Hg) may be directly linked to the existence of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) per se, although only some patients with OSAS exhibit daytime hypercapnia. OBJECTIVE To investigate the prevalence of daytime hypercapnia in patients with OSAS; the association of daytime hypercapnia(More)
This study examined factors involved in the patency of uterine cervices in the bitch with pyometra. The uterine cervices were obtained from the bitches with pyometra at the time of ovariohysterectomy. Cervical patency was measured by inserting the stainless steel rods with different diameter into cervical canals. Collagen concentration and collagenase(More)
BACKGROUND Management of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) has recently improved because of advances in pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA), balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA), and disease-targeted medications. However, patients with inoperable CTEPH or persistent pulmonary hypertension (PH) after these interventions continue to exhibit(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by airflow limitation caused by emphysema and small airway narrowing. Quantitative evaluation of airway dimensions by multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) has revealed a correlation between airway dimension and airflow limitation. However, the effect of emphysema on this(More)
BACKGROUND The estimation of emphysematous changes is very sensitive to computed tomography (CT) threshold level. In clinical practice, the predetermined threshold is usually set at -950 Hounsfield units (HU) for the detection of low attenuation volume (LAV). However, threshold levels that are tightly connected to pulmonary function abnormalities have not(More)
BACKGROUND The COPD assessment test (CAT) score is a key component of the multifactorial assessment of COPD in the Global initiative for chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guidelines of 2014. Nevertheless, little is known regarding the differences among COPD categories in terms of clinical parameters such as pulmonary function or radiological findings.(More)