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We carried out a retrospective study of the methods used to achieve an early diagnosis of 67 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis treated at our institute between 1984 and 1989. Sputum bacteriology was positive in 56 of the 67 patients, 22 were positive on microscopical examination of smears and on culture and 34 on culture alone. The 11 patients with(More)
In Japan where the question of cancer notification has yet to be resolved, it is difficult to obtain an informed consent from the patient himself in clinical studies of the chemotherapies for cancer. In fact, the chemotherapy is administered while not enough explanation is given to the family let alone the patient. Such is the present situation. For the(More)
Ectopic thyroid carcinomas in the submental portion arise usually from a thyroglossal duct cyst. We report a rare case of that lacking a thyroglossal duct cyst. The patient, a 32 year-old man, had two submental tumors with good mobility. CT, MRI, and US revealed two solid tumors. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) suggested thyroid papillary carcinoma(More)
In the field of otolaryngology, fat injection is mainly performed for glottic insufficiency. We encountered a patient of tracheoesophageal fistula with a voice prosthesis after total laryngectomy, in whom the fistula grew too wide. This condition was difficult to treat by conservative therapy. We performed fat injection around the tracheoesophageal fistula,(More)
Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas (JNAs) are benign tumors that occasionally invade the pterygopalatine fossa, infratemporal fossa, or middle cranial fossa. Several surgical approaches have been used based on the location of the tumor, including transpalatal, transmaxillary, and lateral rhinotomy, midfacial degloving, and Le Fort type I osteotomy. We(More)
The effects of two sugar alcohols on feed utilization, digesta retention, gut fermentation and serum lipid profiles were compared in normal and cecectomized rats to examine the possibility of the cecectomized rat as an experimental animal with relevance to humans. Semi-purified diets containing no sugar alcohol, 7% sorbitol or 7% lactitol were fed to normal(More)
OBJECTIVE We reviewed isolated sphenoid sinus lesion (ISL), a relatively uncommon entity found mostly in departments other than otolaryngology. STUDY DESIGN We retrospectively studied 44 cases of ISL at the Department of Otolaryngology, Kagoshima City Hospital, Kagoshima, Japan, for the 5 years between 1999 and 2003. METHODS Data was obtained for each(More)
We examined serum PLA2, lipids and platelets in 133 bronchial asthma patients who had not taken any glucocorticoids. Serum PLA2 was measured by radioimmunoassay. Serum PLA2 activity in the bronchial asthma patients was 384.2 +/- 114.7 (pmol/ml/min), and in the control group (healthy subjects) it was 271.7 +/- 53.9; this is a statistically significant(More)
We report a rare case of verrucous carcinoma occurring in the nasal cavity. A 53-year-old man reporting left-sided nasal obstruction and awareness of a left intranasal lesion--a whitish polypoid lesion--was found in CT to have an expansive lesion of the left nasal cavity and maxillary sinus. The tumor was completely removed by Denker's operation. Verrucous(More)