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CONTEXT Crooke's cell adenoma (CCA), characterized by massive Crooke's hyaline change in corticotroph adenoma, causes a rare subtype of Cushing's disease. In contrast to ordinary corticotroph adenomas, CCAs are generally aggressive and present as invasive macroadenomas, which are refractory to both surgery and radiotherapy and have a high-recurrence rate.(More)
Pituitary carcinoma is a rare malignancy and is difficult to manage. Pituitary carcinomas commonly produce either PRL or ACTH, but some do not produce pituitary hormones. The alkylating reagent temozolomide (TMZ) was recently shown to be effective as a treatment for pituitary carcinoma. Most of the published reports of TMZ use in pituitary carcinoma cases(More)
Although somatostatin analogues are effective medical therapy for acromegaly, the serum insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels remain uncontrolled in 35% of patients. Combined therapy with octreotide LAR and cabergoline has been reported to normalize IGF-I levels in 42-56% of Caucasian patients with acromegaly. However, it remains to be clarified(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was to analyze clinicopathological characteristics and treatment outcomes in a large single-center clinical series of cases of thyrotropin (TSH)-secreting pituitary adenomas. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed clinical, pathological, and treatment characteristics of 90 consecutive cases of TSH-secreting pituitary(More)
Preoperative control of hyperthyroidism in patients with TSH-secreting pituitary adenomas (TSHoma) may avoid perioperative thyroid storm. Perioperative administration of octreotide may control hyperthyroidism, as well as shrink tumor size. The effects of preoperative octreotide treatment were assessed in a large number of patients with TSHomas. Of 81(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze our experience with transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) in patients with Cushing disease (CD) with no visible adenoma on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS Between January 1988 and October 2010, 183 patients with CD underwent TSS at Toranomon Hospital. We retrospectively analyzed data in 18 patients without visible adenomas on MRI(More)
BACKGROUND The clinicopathologic features of gastric carcinoma in elderly people have been reported previously. The present study examined the patterns and distribution of gastric carcinomas in the elderly, especially in patients aged 85 and older. METHODS A retrospective study of 994 consecutive Japanese patients aged 65 years or older was performed. In(More)
Clinically nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFAs) may be hormonally inactive tumors of differentiated cells, mainly not only gonadotroph adenomas (GAs) but also silent corticotroph adenomas (SCAs) and other differentiated silent adenomas. Recently, the use of transcription factors has been recommended to confirm cytodiffererentiation of these neoplasms.(More)
There are two main subtypes of GH-producing pituitary adenoma: densely granulated (DG-type) and sparsely granulated (SG-type). Despite the difference in drug responsiveness between the two subtypes, their molecular mechanisms remain unknown. The aim of this study is to evaluate the differential expression of genes related to drug responsiveness between(More)
The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between the histological features of GH-producing adenomas surgically resected at the Toranomon Hospital and the clinical features of the patients. Histological examinations, including immunohistochemistry for anterior pituitary hormones and cytokeratin (CK), were performed on 242 consecutively excised(More)