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Juvenile hormone (JH) acid O-methyltransferase (JHAMT) is the enzyme that transfers a methyl group from S-adenosyl-l-methionine (SAM) to the carboxyl group of JH acids to produce active JHs in the corpora allata. While the JHAMT gene was originally identified and characterized in the silkworm Bombyx mori, no orthologs from other insects have been studied(More)
The carotenoid-binding protein (CBP) of the domesticated silkworm, Bombyx mori, a major determinant of cocoon color, is likely to have been substantially influenced by domestication of this species. We analyzed the structure of the CBP gene in multiple strains of B. mori, in multiple individuals of the wild silkworm, B. mandarina (the putative wild ancestor(More)
The regulatory mechanisms of ecdysteroidogenic P450 gene expression were investigated in the silkworm, Bombyx mori. Bommo-FMRFamide (BRFa), a neural suppressor of prothoracic gland (PG) activity, was found to suppress the expression of several P450 genes induced by prothoracicotropic hormone (PTTH) in the PG. A transcription inhibitor suppressed(More)
The locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) pathogenicity island is required for the intimate adhesion of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) to the intestinal epithelial cells. GrlR and GrlA are LEE-encoded negative and positive regulators, respectively. The interaction of these two regulators is important for controlling the transcription of LEE genes(More)
To investigate the mechanism of myoblast fusion, we attempted to prepare artificial myotubes of mouse C2 myoblast cells using the hemagglutinating virus of Japan (HVJ, Sendai virus). Proliferating C2 cells showed strong resistance to HVJ-mediated cell fusion and remained morphologically unchanged even though massive numbers of virions adsorbed onto their(More)
Mutations in the SLC34A3 gene, a sodium-dependent inorganic phosphate (Pi) cotransporter, also referred to as NaPi IIc, causes hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets with hypercalciuria (HHRH), an autosomal recessive disorder. In human and rodent, NaPi IIc is mainly localized in the apical membrane of renal proximal tubular cells. In this study, we identified(More)
Multilocus sequence typing of Borrelia garinii isolates from humans and comparison with rodent and tick isolates were performed. Fifty-nine isolates were divided into two phylogenetic groups, and an association was detected between clinical and rodent isolates, suggesting that, in Japan, human-pathogenic B. garinii comes from rodents via ticks.
Summary Genes essential for eliciting pathogenicity of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli are located within the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE). Expression of LEE genes is positively regulated by paralogues PchA, PchB and PchC, which are encoded by separate loci of the chromosome. To elucidate the underlying regulatory mechanism, we screened(More)
Acetylation of lysine residues, one of the most common protein post-transcriptional modifications, is thought to regulate protein affinity with other proteins or nucleotides. Experimentally, the effects of acetylation have been studied using recombinant mutants in which lysine residues (K) are substituted with glutamine (Q) as a mimic of acetyl lysine (KQ(More)
Several novel tricyclic compounds with a unique amine moiety (1, 2a--i) were designed and prepared based on the structure of triperiden for the development of anti-influenza virus agents. An in vitro antiviral assay showed that 1-(1-azabicyclo[3.3.0]octan-5-yl)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-1-(2-tricyclo[]decyl)methan-1-ol hydrochloride (2f) has a potent(More)