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BACKGROUND Increasing awareness of limitations to natural resources has set high expectations for plant science to deliver efficient crops with increased yields, improved stress tolerance, and tailored composition. Collections of representative varieties are a valuable resource for compiling broad breeding germplasms that can satisfy these diverse needs. (More)
To determine whether the induction of liver enzymes by antiepileptic drugs play a major role in folate depletion, serum concentrations of folate were measured in age-matched control subjects without anemia and in epileptic outpatients who were being treated with a single antiepileptic drug. Two of the four drugs being administered were enzyme inducers. A(More)
Contactin is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored immunoglobulin-like neuronal cell adhesion molecule that has been implicated in cellular interaction during development of the vertebrate central nervous system. Here we report evidence for an essential role of contactin in development of the Xenopus nervous system. Contactin mRNA is detectable by in situ(More)
Free radicals are involved in the pathogenesis and/or progression of Parkinson's disease (PD). Several ergot derivative dopamine (DA) agonists have been reported to scavenge free radicals in vitro and to show a neuroprotective effect in vivo. We investigated the in vitro free radical scavenging and antioxidant activities of cabergoline, a long-acting ergot(More)
The effects of two major isoforms of metallothioneins (MTs), MT-I and -II, on dopaminergic neurotoxicity of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) were examined using intracerebroventricularly 6-OHDA-injected MT-I, II knock-out (KO) mice. The loss of dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta induced by the 6-OHDA injection was significantly aggravated in(More)
We investigated both the antioxidant activities of GPI1046, a non-immunosuppressive derivative of FK506, and the in vivo neuroprotective properties against toxicity of intracerebroventricular 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) in mice. The 6-OHDA-induced reduction in dopamine and its metabolites in the striatum was significantly normalized by daily administration(More)
Based on the fact that several recent reports have indicated that non-immunosuppressive immunophilin ligands (IPLs) can activate neurite outgrowth or nerve regeneration, we investigated the neurotrophic factor-activating abilities of IPLs in vivo in order to clarify the molecular basis of neurotrophic-like activity. Both FK506 (an immunosuppressive IPL) and(More)
Heat stress could promote skeletal muscle regeneration. But, in the regeneration process, effects of heat stress on myogenic cells and the regulating factors is unknown. Therefore, Influences of heat stress soon after injury on distribution of the myogenic cells and chronological changes in expression of MyoD and myogenin were examined. The first peak of(More)
Silene latifolia is a well-studied model system for plant XY sex determination. Three maleness factors are thought to function on the Y chromosome, gynoecium suppression factor (GSF), stamen-promoting factor (SPF), and male fertility factor (MFF), and their deletions result in hermaphrodites, anther defects, and pollen defects, respectively. Although a(More)
In Xenopus tailbud embryos, the mandibular branch of trigeminal sensory nerve has a transient pathway innervating the cement gland. This pathway is settled by pioneer neurons in the trigeminal ganglion and along which extend later-growing axons from the trigeminal ganglion and the hindbrain. Axons in this branch express a neuronal recognition molecule,(More)