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Committed T helper type 1 (Th1) and Th2 effector cells, resulting from chronic antigenic stimulation in interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-4, are implicated in the pathology of autoimmune and allergic diseases. Committed Th1 cells cannot be induced to change their cytokine profiles in response to antigenic stimulation and Th2 cytokine-inducing conditions. Here, we(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) produce copious type I interferon (IFN) upon sensing nucleic acids through Toll-like receptor (TLR) 7 and TLR9. Uncontrolled pDC activation and IFN production are implicated in lymphopenia and autoimmune diseases; therefore, a mechanism controlling pDC IFN production is essential. Human pDCs specifically express an orphan(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) are specialized type I interferon (IFN-α/β)-producing cells that express intracellular toll-like receptor (TLR) 7 and TLR9 and recognize viral nucleic acids in the context of infections. We show that pDCs also have the ability to sense host-derived nucleic acids released in common skin wounds. pDCs were found to rapidly(More)
The commitment of naive T cells to polarized Th cells requires specific changes in their transcription factors. Retrovirally overexpressed GATA-3 has been reported to induce the Th2 cytokine profile in developing Th1 cells. In this study, we examined the role of the N-terminal finger (Nf) of GATA-3 in Th2 cell development. The Nf, as well as the C-terminal(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) link innate to acquired immune responses by producing high levels of type I IFN upon infection. In order to identify the specific genes that control pDC, we compared serial analysis of gene expression libraries from human pDCs, herpes simplex virus-stimulated pDCs and monocytes. We found that Ig-like transcript ILT7 is(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) play an important primary role for antiviral innate immunity by rapidly producing large amounts of type 1 interferon (IFN) upon viral infection. To study pDC biology, we generated a monoclonal antibody, termed 2E6, that recognizes pDCs. Molecular cloning of a cDNA encoding the 2E6 antigen revealed that it is a type II(More)
Ca(2+)-regulated NFAT family members are transcription factors crucial for the expression of various cytokine genes and other immunoregulatory genes. Analyses of mice defective in one or two NFAT family members have revealed functions specific to each NFAT gene. However, the redundant functions of several family members limit the usefulness of gene(More)
The Ca(2+) signal facilitates nuclear translocation of NFAT through the dephosphorylation of clustered serine residues in the calcium regulatory domain by the Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent phosphatase calcineurin. The conformation of dephosphorylated NFAT exposes the nuclear localization signal for translocation into the nucleus and masks the nuclear export(More)
The invasion of the yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti at Narita International Airport, Japan was detected for the first time. During the course of routine vector surveillance at Narita International Airport, 27 Ae. aegypti adults emerged from larvae and pupae collected from a single larvitrap placed near No. 88 spot at passenger terminal 2 on August 8,(More)
Cdc7 kinase plays crucial roles in firing of replication origins and in proper maintenance of replication forks, which are the sites of DNA replication. The inactivation of Cdc7 causes destabilization of replication forks leading to acute genomic instability and induces massive cell death preferentially in cancer cells. Thus, Cdc7 kinase may be a promising(More)