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We test whether the complexity of the cardiac interbeat interval time series is simply a consequence of the wide range of scales characterizing human behavior, especially physical activity, by analyzing data taken from healthy adult subjects under three conditions with controls: (i) a "constant routine" protocol where physical activity and postural changes(More)
A healthy human heart rate displays complex fluctuations which share characteristics of physical systems in a critical state. We demonstrate that the human heart rate in healthy individuals undergoes a dramatic breakdown of criticality characteristics, reminiscent of continuous second order phase transitions. By studying the germane determinants, we show(More)
For a detailed characterization of intermittency and non-Gaussianity of human heart rate, we introduce an analysis method to investigate the deformation process of the probability density function (PDF) of detrended increments when going from fine to coarse scales. To characterize the scale dependence of the multiscale PDF, we use two methods: 1)(More)
The effects of such behavioral factors as physical activity, food intake, and circadian rhythm on long-term heart rate variability (HRV) in humans remain poorly understood. We therefore studied their effects on HRV using a constant-routine protocol that included simultaneous core body temperature (CBT) correction. Seven healthy subjects completed the(More)
We demonstrate the robust scale-invariance in the probability density function (PDF) of detrended healthy human heart rate increments, which is preserved not only in a quiescent condition, but also in a dynamic state where the mean level of the heart rate is dramatically changing. This scale-independent and fractal structure is markedly different from the(More)
Mental or cognitive brain functions, and the effect on them of abnormal psychiatric diseases, are difficult to approach through molecular biological techniques due to the lack of appropriate assay systems with objective measures. We therefore study laws of behavioral organization, specifically how resting and active periods are interwoven throughout daily(More)
A newly developed, very long-term ( approximately 7 days) ambulatory monitoring system for assessing beat-to-beat heart rate variability (HRV) and body movements (BM) was used to study the mechanism(s) responsible for the long-period oscillation in human HRV. Data continuously collected from five healthy subjects were analyzed by 1) standard auto- and(More)
PACS. 87.10.+e – General theory and mathematical aspects. Abstract. – We investigate long-duration time series of human physical activity under three different conditions: healthy individuals in i) a constant routine protocol and ii) in regular daily routine, and iii) individuals diagnosed with multiple chemical sensitivities. We find that in all cases(More)
OBJECTIVES The investigation of the relation between the long-range correlation property of heart rate and autonomic balance. METHODS An investigation of the fractal scaling properties of heart rate variability was carried out by using detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA). Eleven healthy subjects were examined for two consecutive days, which included(More)
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