Naoki Takaya

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The tripeptide glutathione is involved in cellular defense mechanisms for xenobiotics and reactive oxygen species. This study investigated glutathione-dependent mechanisms in the model organism Aspergillus nidulans. A recombinant dimeric protein of A. nidulans glutathione reductase (GR) contained FAD and reduced oxidized glutathione (GSSG) using NADPH as an(More)
Hypoxia imposes a challenge upon most filamentous fungi that require oxygen for proliferation. Here, we used whole genome DNA microarrays to investigate global transcriptional changes in Aspergillus nidulans gene expression after exposure to hypoxia followed by normoxia. Aeration affected the expression of 2,864 genes (27% of the total number of genes in(More)
Two 3-phosphoglycerate kinase genes (pgk1 and pgk2) were cloned from Rhizopus niveus. It was deduced that both pgk genes have two introns. They have open reading frames of 1355 bp and 1356 bp, and code for proteins of 417 and 416 amino acids, respectively. The first introns of both genes are located at similar positions as those of pgk genes from other(More)
Fungal ammonia fermentation is a novel dissimilatory metabolic mechanism that supplies energy under anoxic conditions. The fungus Fusarium oxysporum reduces nitrate to ammonium and simultaneously oxidizes ethanol to acetate to generate ATP (Zhou, Z., Takaya, N., Nakamura, A., Yamaguchi, M., Takeo, K., and Shoun, H. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277, 1892-1896). We(More)
The fungus Aspergillus nidulans reduces nitrate to ammonium and simultaneously oxidizes ethanol to acetate to generate ATP under hypoxic conditions in a mechanism called ammonia fermentation (Takasaki, K. et al.. J. Biol. Chem. 2004, 279, 12414-12420). To elucidate the mechanism, the fungus was cultured under normoxic and hypoxic (ammonia fermenting)(More)
We have cloned a pyr4 gene encoding orotidine-5′-monophosphate decarboxylase of the filamentous fungus Rhizopus niveus. The pyr4 gene of R. nivens has an open reading frame composed of 265 amino-acid residues and has two putative introns. We have also isolated a pyr4 mutant of Rhizopus delemar from 5-fluoroorotic acid-resistant mutants and transformed it(More)
The induction of fungal denitrification by Fusarium oxysporum requires a minimal amount of O(2), although excess O(2) completely represses this process (Zhou, Z., Takaya, N., Sakairi, M. A. C., and Shoun, H. (2001) Arch. Microbiol. 175, 19-25). Here we describe another metabolic mechanism of nitrate in fungal cells, termed ammonia fermentation, that(More)
Most denitrifiers produce nitrous oxide (N(2)O) instead of dinitrogen (N(2)) under aerobic conditions. We isolated and characterized novel aerobic denitrifiers that produce low levels of N(2)O under aerobic conditions. We monitored the denitrification activities of two of the isolates, strains TR2 and K50, in batch and continuous cultures. Both strains(More)
The gene of a fatty-acid hydroxylase of the fungus Fusarium oxysporum (P450foxy) was cloned and expressed in yeast. The putative primary structure revealed the close relationship of P450foxy to the bacterial cytochrome P450BM3, a fused protein of cytochrome P450 and its reductase from Bacillus megaterium. The amino acid sequence identities of the P450 and(More)
We discovered the phenyllactate (PLA)-producing fungal strain Wickerhamia fluorescens TK1 and purified phenylpyruvate reductase (PPR) from fungal cell-free extracts. The PPR used both NADPH and NADH as cofactors with more preference for the former. The enzyme reaction as well as the fungal culture produced optically active d-PLA. The gene for the PPR (pprA)(More)