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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has its onset in middle age and is a progressive disorder characterized by degeneration of motor neurons of the primary motor cortex, brainstem and spinal cord. Most cases of ALS are sporadic, but about 10% are familial. Genes known to cause classic familial ALS (FALS) are superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1), ANG encoding(More)
Basophilic inclusions (BIs) are pathological features of a subset of frontotemporal lobar degeneration disorders, including sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and familial ALS (FALS). Mutations in the fused in sarcoma/translocated in liposarcoma (FUS/TLS) gene have recently been identified as a cause of FALS. The FUS/TLS-immunoreactive inclusions(More)
Neurons produced from stem cells have emerged as a tool to identify new therapeutic targets for neurological diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). However, it remains unclear to what extent these new mechanistic insights will translate to animal models, an important step in the validation of new targets. Previously, we found that glia from(More)
Using transgenic mice harboring a targeted LacZ insertion, we studied the expression pattern of the C9ORF72 mouse ortholog (3110043O21Rik). Unlike most genes that are mutated in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), which are ubiquitously expressed, the C9ORF72 ortholog was most highly transcribed in the neuronal populations that are sensitive to(More)
Previously, we demonstrated that neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) is activated and promotes muscle atrophy in skeletal muscle during tail suspension, a model of unloading and denervation. Here, we examined patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and mutant (H46R) SOD1 transgenic (Tg) mice model using immunohistochemistry, Western blotting and(More)
In laparoscopic surgery, surgeons find particular difficulties related to the operation technique. Due to restricted view, lack of depth information from the monocular endoscope and limited degree of freedom, surgeons find their movements impeded. A support system that provides improved laparoscopic vision would help to overcome the difficulties. If(More)
BACKGROUND Glucosamine (UDP-N-acetyl)-2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase (GNE) myopathy, also called distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles (DMRV) or hereditary inclusion body myopathy (HIBM), is a rare, progressive autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the GNE gene. Here, we examined the relationship between genotype and clinical phenotype(More)