Naoki Shimomura

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PURPOSE To evaluate the feasibility of a novel method of magnetic attraction of iron-endocytosed corneal endothelial cells to Descemet's membrane. METHODS Cultured rabbit corneal endothelial cells (RCEC) were exposed to spherical iron powder at various concentration ranging 0-100 micro moll(-1). After 24hr, the cell density and morphology were evaluated.(More)
The effects of a diet supplemented with branched-chain amino acids (BCAA; 4.8% or 6.2%) on BCAA catabolism and glycogen metabolism in rats were examined. Rats were fed a BCAA diet or control diet for 4 wk and part of the rats were subjected to exercise training during the experimental period. Feeding the BCAA diet increased serum BCAA concentrations and(More)
An unusual feature of valine catabolism is a reaction in which an intermediate of its catabolic pathway, (S)-3-hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA, is hydrolyzed to give the free acid and CoA-SH. The enzyme responsible for this reaction, 3-hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA hydrolase (EC 3.1.2.4), was purified 7200-fold from rat liver in this study. The purified enzyme consists of a(More)
PURPOSE To examine the efficacy of a novel method of decellularizing porcine corneal stroma using N(2) gas from liquid N(2) and the feasibility of using decellularized porcine corneal stroma in a corneal transplantation model in rabbits. METHODS Porcine corneas were placed in a tube, and N(2) gas from liquid N(2) was poured into the tube to freeze the(More)
It was found that [4-(2-succinimidoethylthio)phenyl 4-guanidinobenzoate]methanesulfonate (E-3123) inhibits trypsin, thrombin and kallikrein, and its inhibitory activity is most potent toward trypsin. The interactions of these enzymes with E-3123 were studied mainly by using stopped-flow spectrophotometry. E-3123 behaved as a quasi-substrate of the enzymes(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the antigenicity of porcine corneal stroma as xenograft to man. METHODS The localization of alpha-gal epitope in the porcine eye was determined using biotinylated Griffonia simplicifolia 1 isolectin B4. Porcine corneal stromal was inserted into corneal stromal pockets of cynomolgus monkeys. Immunohistochemistry was performed to(More)
We isolated a mutant from Vicia faba L. cv. House Ryousai. It wilts easily under strong light and high temperature conditions, suggesting that its stomatal movement may be disturbed. We determined responses of mutant guard cells to some environmental stimuli. Mutant guard cells demonstrated an impaired ability to respond to ABA in 0.1 mM CaCl(2) and stomata(More)
To investigate the role of interleukins on the growth of human thyroid cells, the effect of IL-2, IL-4 and IL-6 was studied on EGF-induced [3H]-thymidine uptake, cell cycle by flow cytometry, and mRNA levels of cellular proto-oncogene c-fos in thyroid monolayer cells from eighteen patients with Graves' disease and sixteen with non-thyroidal disease. EGF(More)
(S)-(+)-6-(2-Chlorophenyl)-3-cyclopropanecarbonyl-8,11- dimethyl - 2,3,4,5 - tetrahydro - 8H - pyrido[4',3':4,5] thieno[3,2-fl-[1,2,4]triazolo]4,3-a][1,4]diazepine (E-6123) is a newly synthesized platelet-activating factor (PAF) antagonist. The effects of E-6123 on in vitro and in vivo PAF-induced responses were investigated. The IC50 values of E-6123 on(More)
To determine whether serum immunoglobulin in addition to epidermal growth factor (EGF) augment growth in human thyroid cells, effects of these factors on thyrocytes were tested using IgG derived from 34 patients with Graves' disease and 12 normal subjects. The cell growth was estimated by [3H]-thymidine uptake, cell cycle determined by FACS analysis and the(More)