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BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori strains possessing the cagA gene are thought to induce interleukin 8 (IL-8) in gastric mucosa. However, it is still unclear whether a relation exists between the cagA gene and the expression patterns of cytokines other than IL-8. AIMS To investigate the relation between the cagA gene and the production of various cytokine(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Helicobacter pylori strains possessing the cagA gene are thought to be associated with gastroduodenal diseases. Furthermore, some cytokines are considered to play a role in gastric mucosal inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between cagA gene and cytokine messenger RNA (mRNA) expression in gastric(More)
The immune responses to Helicobacter pylori infection play important roles in gastroduodenal diseases. The contribution of gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) to the immune responses, especially to the induction of gastric inflammation and to protection from H. pylori infection, was investigated with IFN-gamma gene knockout (IFN-gamma-/-) mice. We first examined(More)
Recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO), which has been used clinically for the management of renal anemia, is reported to exert pleiotropic beneficial properties against acute ischemic/reperfusion injury in various tissues. To investigate the hypothesis that chronic treatment with rHuEPO might ameliorate diabetic nephropathy beyond hematopoiesis, rHuEPO(More)
In the present study, we attempted to clarify the effects of interleukin-6 (IL-6) on the growth and properties of human mast cells using cultured mast cells selectively generated by stem cell factor (SCF) from CD34(+) cord blood cells. The addition of IL-6 to cultures containing mast cells resulted in a substantial reduction of the number of progenies grown(More)
BACKGROUND We have studied the cytokine production patterns in gastric mucosal biopsy specimens with and without the Helicobacter pylori infection, using a reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method capable of detecting low levels of specific mRNA. METHODS Total RNA was prepared from biopsy specimens with the acid guanidinium(More)
Cytokines have been proposed to play an important role in Helicobacter pylori-associated gastroduodenal diseases, but the exact mechanism of the cytokine induction remains unclear. H. pylori urease, a major component of the soluble proteins extracted from bacterial cells, is considered to be one of the virulence factors for the inflammation in the gastric(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are expressed on vascular tissue. To investigate the direct vasoprotective effects of PPARgamma and PPARalpha ligands, pioglitazone (3 mg/kg/day) and bezafibrate (10 mg/kg/day) were given by gavage to streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats for 4 weeks. Streptozotocin (65 mg/kg, i.p.) significantly increased(More)
We investigated the effects of stem cell factor (SCF) on the migration of murine bone marrow hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) in vitro using a modification of the checkerboard assay. Chemotactic and chemokinetic activities of SCF on HPC were evaluated by the numbers of HPC migrated on positive and negative gradients of SCF, respectively. On both(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Mouse models of Helicobacter pylori infection have yielded variable results with respect to colonization and inflammation. We examined whether outer membrane proteins (OMPs) or the cag pathogenicity island (PAI) was responsible for some of this variability. METHODS C57BL/6 mice received clinical H. pylori isolates with different(More)