Naoki Sakane

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The essential transactivator function of the HIV Tat protein is regulated by multiple posttranslational modifications. Although individual modifications are well characterized, their crosstalk and dynamics of occurrence during the HIV transcription cycle remain unclear.We examine interactions between two critical modifications within the RNA-binding domain(More)
Proinsulin C-peptide has been reported to have some biological activities and to be possibly involved in the development of diabetic microangiopathy. In the present study, we examined the effects of C-peptide on the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway in LEII mouse lung capillary endothelial cells. Stimulation of the cells with C-peptide increased both(More)
The Tat protein of HIV-1 plays an essential role in HIV gene expression by promoting efficient elongation of viral transcripts. Posttranslational modifications of Tat fine-tune interactions of Tat with cellular cofactors and TAR RNA, a stem-loop structure at the 5' ends of viral transcripts. Here, we identify the lysine methyltransferase Set7/9 (KMT7) as a(More)
The present study is designed to investigate how and to what extent sympathovagal behavior in a balanced low-calorie diet relates to favorable changes of body mass, waist circumference, and/or metabolic risk factors. The study involved 28 mildly obese women without clinical complications, who underwent an 8-week calorie restriction program using a(More)
BACKGROUND A randomized control trial was performed to test whether a lifestyle intervention program, carried out in a primary healthcare setting using existing resources, can reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes in Japanese with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). The results of 3 years' intervention are summarized. METHODS Through health checkups in(More)
Leukocyte common antigen-related molecule (LAR) is a receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase) with two PTPase domains. In the present study, we detected the expression of LAR in the brain, kidney, and thymus of mice using anti-LAR PTPase domain subunit monoclonal antibody (mAb) YU1. In the thymus, LAR was expressed on CD4(-)CD8(-) and(More)
Uncoupling protein 3 (UCP3) is considered to be associated with obesity, given its function in the regulation of energy and lipid metabolism. An increased body mass index (BMI) and a decreased level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) are risk factors for cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the UCP3(More)
The control of blood pressure (BP) is important in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of a dietary educational program for free-living, high-normal, and stage 1 or 2 hypertensive men. The participants were volunteers aged 40-75 years who agreed to the intervention. They were divided into two groups: 39(More)
Low caloric diet (LCD) is used for weight loss. Paraoxonase 1 (PON-1) is associated with the antioxidant functions of high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Among limited data on the relationships between obesity and PON-1, there has been no study on the effects of a stand-alone LCD on the physiological lactonase activity of PON-1. We investigated the prospective(More)
BACKGROUND A-3826G polymorphism within the promoter region of the uncoupling protein-1 (UCP-1) gene is possibly involved in the pathophysiology of obesity and metabolic disorders. However, the effects of UCP-1 A-3826G polymorphism on high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), a major contributor to atherosclerotic disease, still have not been(More)