Naoki Nishino

Learn More
Trichostatin A (TSA) and trapoxin (TPX) are potent inhibitors of histone deacetylases (HDACs). TSA is proposed to block the catalytic reaction by chelating a zinc ion in the active-site pocket through its hydroxamic acid group. On the other hand, the epoxyketone is suggested to be the functional group of TPX capable of alkylating the enzyme. We synthesized(More)
AIMS To monitor variations in the bacterial community and fermentation products of maize silage within and between bunker silos. METHODS AND RESULTS Silage samples were collected in 2008 and 2009 from three dairy farms, wherein the farmers arranged for a contractor to produce maize silage using bunker silos. Silage was prepared using a lactic acid(More)
Serotonin 5-HT1A and 5-HT2 receptors were examined in the postmortem brains of controls and patients with chronic schizophrenia. In the prefrontal cortex from patients with schizophrenia, 5-HT1A receptor binding was increased, while 5-HT2 receptor binding was decreased, when compared to controls. The increased 5-HT1A receptor binding or the decreased 5-HT2(More)
AIMS To understand the effects of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) inoculation on fermentation products, aerobic stability and microbial communities of silage. METHODS AND RESULTS Wilted Italian ryegrass was stored in laboratory silos with and without inoculation of Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Lactobacillus buchneri. The silos were opened after 14, 56 and 120(More)
Cyclic hydroxamic-acid-containing peptide 1 (CHAP1), designed as a hybrid of trichostatin A and trapoxin, is a lead compound for the development of potent inhibitors of histone deacetylase (HDAC). In this study, we synthesized a series of CHAP derivatives and evaluated their biological activities by monitoring the potency of their inhibition of HDAC(More)
AIMS To assess the effects of inoculation of Lactobacillus buchneri on the ensiling properties and aerobic stability of maize silage. METHODS AND RESULTS Chopped whole crop maize was ensiled in 0.5 litre airtight polyethylene bottles (0.4 kg per bottle) and in double-layered, thin polyethylene bags (15 kg per bag), with or without inoculation of Lact.(More)
AIM To gain insights into the bacterial species associated with anaerobic storage and aerobic stability of alfalfa silage. METHODS AND RESULTS Wilted alfalfa silage (498 g dry matter kg(-1) ) was prepared with and without the addition of molasses. Aerobic spoilage tests were conducted at 5, 10 and 60 days after ensiling. The composition of fermentation(More)
AIMS To characterize the bacterial communities in commercial total mixed ration (TMR) silage, which is known to have a long bunk life after silo opening. METHODS AND RESULTS Samples were collected from four factories that produce TMR silage according to their own recipes. Three factories were sampled three times at 1-month intervals during the summer to(More)
Mint-1, which is also called as X11 or mammalian Lin10, protein has been implicated in the synaptic vesicle exocytosis and the targeting and localization of synaptic membrane proteins. Here, we established mint-1 gene knockout (mint-1 KO) mice and investigated vesicular and transporter-mediated dopamine (DA) release evoked by high K(+) and methamphetamine(More)
We have characterized and localized phorbol ester binding sites in human autopsied brains, using [3H]phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate ([3H]PDBu). When the tissue was homogenized in the absence of Ca2+ chelator (10 mM EGTA/2 mM EDTA), Scatchard analysis of the specific [3H]PDBu bindings to both particulate and soluble fractions yielded a single class of(More)