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Trichostatin A (TSA) and trapoxin (TPX) are potent inhibitors of histone deacetylases (HDACs). TSA is proposed to block the catalytic reaction by chelating a zinc ion in the active-site pocket through its hydroxamic acid group. On the other hand, the epoxyketone is suggested to be the functional group of TPX capable of alkylating the enzyme. We synthesized(More)
AIMS To monitor variations in the bacterial community and fermentation products of maize silage within and between bunker silos. METHODS AND RESULTS Silage samples were collected in 2008 and 2009 from three dairy farms, wherein the farmers arranged for a contractor to produce maize silage using bunker silos. Silage was prepared using a lactic acid(More)
To gain further insights into temperate and tropical grass ensiling, fermentation products and bacterial communities were examined at both the initial and late stages of ensiling of wilted Italian ryegrass and wilted guinea grass silages. 2,3-Butanediol and ethanol fermentation were observed in wilted Italian ryegrass silage. Enterobacteria such as Rahnella(More)
AIM To gain insights into the bacterial species associated with anaerobic storage and aerobic stability of alfalfa silage. METHODS AND RESULTS Wilted alfalfa silage (498 g dry matter kg(-1) ) was prepared with and without the addition of molasses. Aerobic spoilage tests were conducted at 5, 10 and 60 days after ensiling. The composition of fermentation(More)
Trichostatin A (TSA) and trapoxin (TPX), inhibitors of the eukaryotic cell cycle and inducers of morphological reversion of transformed cells, inhibit histone deacetylase (HDAC) at nanomolar concentrations. Recently, FK228 (also known as FR901228 and depsipeptide) and MS-275. antitumor agents structurally unrelated to TSA, have been shown to be potent HDAC(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells have been known to enhance the host immune responses against cancer. NK cell number and cytotoxicity in patients with cancer is often low. Therefore, we developed a large-scale ex vivo NK cell expansion method without feeder layers and introduced NK cell-based autologous immune enhancement therapy (AIET). In this paper, we discuss(More)
AIMS To understand the effects of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) inoculation on fermentation products, aerobic stability and microbial communities of silage. METHODS AND RESULTS Wilted Italian ryegrass was stored in laboratory silos with and without inoculation of Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Lactobacillus buchneri. The silos were opened after 14, 56 and 120(More)
A bicyclic hexadecapeptide, which corresponds to the sequence 36-51 and contains the chymotrypsin-reactive Leu-43-Ser-44 bond of soybean Bowman-Birk inhibitor, has been synthesized. This peptide consists of two loops formed by disulfide bridges between Cys-36 and Cys-51 and between Cys-41 and Cys-49. The bicyclic peptide showed a strong anti-chymotryptic(More)
Serotonin 5-HT1A and 5-HT2 receptors were examined in the postmortem brains of controls and patients with chronic schizophrenia. In the prefrontal cortex from patients with schizophrenia, 5-HT1A receptor binding was increased, while 5-HT2 receptor binding was decreased, when compared to controls. The increased 5-HT1A receptor binding or the decreased 5-HT2(More)
Cyclic hydroxamic-acid-containing peptide 1 (CHAP1), designed as a hybrid of trichostatin A and trapoxin, is a lead compound for the development of potent inhibitors of histone deacetylase (HDAC). In this study, we synthesized a series of CHAP derivatives and evaluated their biological activities by monitoring the potency of their inhibition of HDAC(More)