Naoki Nishikawa

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1. The medulla oblongata caudal to the obex was explored with glass capillary microelectrodes filled with fast green dye in urethan-chloralose-anesthetized cats. Concurrently, the trigeminal integument was mechanically stimulated. Two classes of units, which were activated by innocuous mechanical stimulation of the ipsilateral trigeminal integument, were(More)
Although pain is a common symptom of various diseases and disorders, its contribution to disease pathogenesis is not well understood. Here we show using murine experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a model for multiple sclerosis (MS), that pain induces EAE relapse. Mechanistic analysis showed that pain induction activates a sensory-sympathetic(More)
Locations and morphological characteristics of nociceptive specific (NS) and wide dynamic range (WDR) neurons of the ventrobasal (VB) thalamic complex were studied using an intracellular HRP injection technique in cats anesthetized with urethane and chloralose. Both NS and WDR neurons were found within the marginal zone of the VB complex. Their somata were(More)
The effects of a subconvulsive dose of picrotoxin (0.5 mg/kg) upon response characteristics of wide dynamic range (WDR) neurons in the spinal dorsal horn were investigated in cats and Japanese macaques. After intravenous administration of picrotoxin, the low threshold mechanoreceptive field of WDR neurons were expanded, and the high threshold surround of(More)
Trigeminal nociceptive neurons within the subnucleus reticularis ventralis medullae oblongatae (SRV), which lies ventral to the trigeminal subnucleus caudalis and subnucleus reticularis dorsalis medullae oblongatae, were studied in urethane/chloralose-anesthetized cats and monkeys. These neurons were called 'SRV neurons'. They were almost regularly excited(More)
KDEL receptor 1 (KDELR1) regulates integrated stress responses (ISR) to promote naive T-cell survival in vivo. In a mouse line having nonfunctional KDELR1, T-Red (naive T-cell reduced) mice, polyclonal naive T cells show excessive ISR and eventually undergo apoptosis. However, breeding T-Red mice with TCR-transgenic mice bearing relatively high TCR affinity(More)
KDEL receptors are responsible for retrotransporting endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperones from the Golgi complex to the ER. Here we describe a role for KDEL receptor 1 (KDELR1) that involves the regulation of integrated stress responses (ISR) in T cells. Designing and using an N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU)-mutant mouse line, T-Red (naïve T-cell reduced), we(More)
Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is one of the side effects causing significant psychological and physical suffering in patients receiving chemotherapy. Because CINV often impairs patients' quality of life and leads to cessation of treatments, antiemetic therapy has been thought important. Recently, the development of new antiemetic agents(More)
The survival of naïve T cells is believed to require signals from TCR-pMHC interactions and cytokines such as IL-7. In contrast, signals that negatively impact naïve T cell survival are less understood. We conducted a forward genetic screening of mice and found a mutant mouse line with reduced number of naïve T cells (T-Red mice). T-Red mice have a point(More)