Naoki Nishiguchi

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Schizophrenia is a devastating neurodevelopmental disorder whose genetic influences remain elusive. Recent genome-wide scans revealed that rare structural variants disrupted multiple genes in neurodevelopmental pathways, which strongly implicate nitric oxide (NO) signaling in schizophrenia. NO acts as a second messenger of N-methyl-D aspartate receptor(More)
Approximately 10% of Japanese alcoholics develop their disease despite having an inactive form of aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2), known as a genetic deterrent of heavy drinking due to adverse reactions after drinking. Such alcoholics are considered to be advantageous in genetic research because they should show reduced heterogeneity and possess genetic(More)
BACKGROUND Serotonergic systems mediate a control of aggression and/or impulsivity in human and are suggested to be involved in suicidal behavior. The newly identified neuronal tryptophan hydroxylase isoform 2 (TPH2), the rate-limiting enzyme in serotonin synthesis, represents a prime candidate in numerous genetic association analyses of suicidal behavior;(More)
OBJECTIVE N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists are known to produce a syndrome resembling schizophrenia, probably due to their blockade of NMDA receptors. The NMDA receptor 2B (NR2B) subunit has been identified as one of the major proteins in the postsynaptic density at glutamatergic synapses, suggesting that the carboxyl-terminal domain of the(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest a serotonergic dysfunction involved in the biological susceptibility of suicide. Abnormalities of serotonergic markers such as 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid and prolactin response to fenfluramine have been demonstrated in suicide subjects. Tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH), the rate-limiting enzyme in serotonin biosynthesis, is one(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence from family and twin studies suggests a genetic contribution to the etiology of eating disorders (EDs). Recently, researchers have reported genetic associations between the MspI polymorphism (-1438A/G) of the promoter region of the 5HT2A receptor gene and EDs; however, reports of evidence against these findings make the association(More)
Regulators of G-protein signaling are a family of proteins that negatively regulate the intracellular signaling of G protein-coupled receptors, such as the serotonin receptor. Recent studies have suggested that one of these proteins, the regulator of G-protein signaling 2 (RGS2), plays an important part in anxiety and/or aggressive behavior. To explore the(More)
Several lines of evidence support possible serotonin transporter (5-HTT) involvement in modulating eating disorders (ED). The 5-HTT gene is a good candidate for genetic studies on the course of ED, despite controversy concerning the association between polymorphism in the 5-HTT gene promoter region (5-HTTLPR) and ED. Comparison of 5-HTTLPR distribution in(More)
Dysfunction of neuronal signal transduction via G-protein has previously been speculated to be involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Regulator of G-protein signaling (RGS) is a protein that acts as a GTPase-activator for Galpha protein. A total of 33 Japanese patients with schizophrenia were screened for mutations in the coding region of the(More)
Genetic factors have been suggested to be involved in suicide. Although some genetic factors, such as serotonergic transduction, have been associated with suicide, the results are inconsistent. There is a possibility that various signaling anomalies are involved in the biological vulnerability to suicide. We carried out a genome-wide gene-expression study(More)