Naoki Nikaidou

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The third chitinase gene (chiC) of Serratia marcescens 2170, specifying chitinases C1 and C2, was identified. Chitinase C1 lacks a signal sequence and consists of a catalytic domain belonging to glycoside hydrolase family 18, a fibronectin type III-like domain (Fn3 domain) and a C-terminal chitin-binding domain (ChBD). Chitinase C2 corresponds to the(More)
Four exposed aromatic residues, two in the N-terminal domain (Trp-69 and Trp-33) and two in the catalytic domain (Trp-245 and Phe-232) of Serratia marcescens chitinase A, are linearly aligned with the deep catalytic cleft. To investigate the importance of these residues in the binding activity and hydrolyzing activity against insoluble chitin, site-directed(More)
To discover the individual roles of the chitinases from Serratia marcescens 2170, chitinases A, B, and C1 (ChiA, ChiB, and ChiC1) were produced by Escherichia coli and their enzymatic properties as well as synergistic effect on chitin degradation were studied. All three chitinases showed a broad pH optimum and maintained significant chitinolytic activity(More)
Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) has 13 chitinase genes encoding 11 family 18 and two family 19 chitinases. To compare enzymatic properties of family 19 chitinase and family 18 chitinases produced by the same organism, the four chitinases (Chi18bA, Chi18aC, Chi18aD, and Chi19F), whose genes are expressed at high levels in the presence of chitin, were produced(More)
To carry out a genetic analysis of the degradation and utilization of chitin by Serratia marcescens 2170, various Tn5 insertion mutants with characteristic defects in chitinase production were isolated and partially characterized. Prior to the isolation of the mutants, proteins secreted into culture medium in the presence of chitin were analyzed. Four(More)
A chitin binding protein (CBP21) 21 kDa in size, is a major protein in the culture supernatant when Serratia marcescens 2170 is grown in the presence of chitin. The gene (cbp) for CBP21 was found to be located in a region 1.5 kb downstream of the chiB gene encoding chitinase B. The cbp gene encodes a polypeptide of 197 amino acids with a calculated size of(More)
Chitosanases 33 kDa and 40 kDa in size were detected in the culture supernatant of Bacillus circulans WL-12. One of the two chitosanases, chitosanse 40 (40-kDa chitosanase) has been shown to be identical to the enzyme which has been reported previously as a beta-1,3-1,4-glucanase by Bueno et al. The enzyme has been classified into family 8 glycosyl(More)
The specificity of chitinase C-1 of Streptomyces griseus HUT 6037 for the hydrolysis of the beta-1,4-glycosidic linkages in partially acetylated chitosan is different from that of other microbial chitinases. In order to study the primary structure of this unique chitinase, the chiC gene specifying chitinase C-1 was cloned and its nucleotide sequence was(More)
Bacillus circulans chitinase A1 (ChiA1) has a deep substrate-binding cleft on top of its (beta/alpha)8-barrel catalytic domain and an interaction between the aromatic residues in this cleft and bound oligosaccharide has been suggested. To study the roles of these aromatic residues, especially in crystalline-chitin hydrolysis, site-directed mutagenesis of(More)
To identify the genes required for chitinase production by Serratia marcescens 2170, various Tn5 mutants somehow defective in chitinase production were isolated in a previous study. In order to identify the mutated gene in one of the chitinase-deficient mutants, N1, DNA regions flanking the Tn5 insertion were cloned and sequenced. Sequence comparison showed(More)