Naoki Narisawa

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The introduction of an exogenous cellulolytic bacterium into a microbial community that was degrading rice straw effectively was evaluated. A stable coexistence of the indigenous and exogenous cellulolytic bacteria was achieved by adjusting the cultivation conditions. The obtained community required several subcultures to reach the highest degradation(More)
Effect of high pressure gaseous carbon dioxide treatment (HGCT) at 6.5 MPa, 35 degrees C on the germination of bacterial spores was investigated. Germination of bacterial spores was estimated by the decrease of heat tolerance. Approximately, 40% of Bacillus coagulans and 70% of Bacillus licheniformis were germinated by HGCT for 120 min at 35 degrees C,(More)
Antibiotic-sensitive bacteria have been found to coexist with antibiotic-producing bacteria in biofilms, but little is known about how the former develop in such an environment. Here we isolated pyocyanin-sensitive bacteria belonging to the genus Brevibacillus from a biofilm derived from soil extract and based on the preestablished biofilm of a pyocyanin(More)
The oral microbial flora consists of many beneficial species of bacteria that are associated with a healthy condition and control the progression of oral disease. Cooperative interactions between oral streptococci and the pathogens play important roles in the development of dental biofilms in the oral cavity. To determine the roles of oral streptococci in(More)
The production of water-insoluble glucan (WIG) enables Streptococcus mutans to survive and persist in the oral niche. WIG is produced from sucrose by glucosyltransferase encoded tandemly by the highly homologous gtfB and gtfC genes. Conversely, a single hybrid gene from the endogenous recombination of gtfB and gtfC is easily generated using RecA, resulting(More)
We developed a method of estimating the biofilm formation of Escherichia coli K-12 strains in microtiter-plate wells by the cell number. Regression lines between the cell number and absorbance of crystal violet that stained the E. coli biofilm consisted of high and low slope lines, respectively.
Actinomyces naeslundii is an early colonizer and has important roles in the development of the oral biofilm. Short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) are secreted extracellularly as a product of metabolism by gram-negative anaerobes, e.g. Porphyromonas gingivalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum; and the SCFA may affect biofilm development with interaction between A.(More)
High osmotic environments produced by NaCl or sucrose have been used as reliable and traditional methods of food preservation. We tested, Escherichia coli as an indicator of food-contaminating bacterium, to determine if it can form biofilm in a hyperosmotic environment. E. coli K-12 IAM1264 did not form biofilm in LB broth that contained 1 M NaCl. However,(More)
Chemical disinfection of oral biofilms often leaves biofilm structures intact. This study aimed to examine whether the residual structure promotes secondary bacterial adhesion. Streptococcus mutans biofilms generated on resin-composite disks in a rotating disc reactor were disinfected completely with 70% isopropyl alcohol, and were again cultured in the(More)
The fungal pathogen Candida albicans is an opportunistic fungal pathogen that causes oral and vaginal mucosal infections as well as systemic disease. The ability of C. albicans to adhere to host surfaces is positively correlated with its pathogenicity. We prepared a polyclonal anti-Candida albicans antibody in chicken egg yolk (anti-C. albicans IgY) and(More)