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Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) contributes to the inhibition of such causes of inflammation as the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced productions of nitric oxide (NO) and proinflammatory cytokines [including interleukin-1 (IL-1)] in macrophages. In the present study we used primary cultures of rat brain macrophage-like cells (i.e., microglial cells) to(More)
We investigated whether angiotensin (ANG) II and its receptors contribute to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced microglial activation through activation of the proinflammatory transcription factors nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) and activator protein-1 (AP-1). Using primary microglial cell cultures, we examined whether losartan [ANG type 1 receptor (AT(1))(More)
A recent report demonstrated that t(8;16) (p11;p13) may be linked to acute monocytic leukaemia (AMoL) of differentiated subtype (M5b) with active haemophagocytosis by leukaemic cells. Only two cases of neonatal AMoL with t(8;16)(p11;p13) have been reported; M5b with haemophogocytosis and M5a. We report a case of neonatal AMoL (M5b) with t(8;16)(p11;p13),(More)
Phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) is an intermediate metabolite of the glycolytic pathway and an in vivo high-energy phosphate compound. We have examined the protective effects of PEP on ischemia–reperfusion lung injury in isolated rabbits lungs perfused with a physiological salt solution. The lungs were divided into three treatment groups: (1) ischemia–reperfusion(More)
Polymyxin B, a cyclic cationic polypeptide antibiotic, binds to the lipid A of bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide; LPS) to inhibit LPS-induced fever. On the basis of a casual observation, we hypothesised that in rats (unlike in rabbits and goats), intravenous (i.v.) polymyxin B would decrease resting body temperature. A single i.v. injection of(More)
We report a child with relapsed acute lymphocytic leukaemia in whom cytoplasmic granules were present in the leukaemic cells of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) but not in those of the bone marrow (BM). The leukaemic cells of the BM were of B-cell lineage whereas those of the CSF had both B-cell and myeloid antigens.
BACKGROUND Isoflurane and sevoflurane protect lungs with ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. We examined the influence of desflurane on IR lung injury using isolated rabbit lungs perfused with a physiological salt solution. METHODS The isolated lungs were divided into three groups: IR, desflurane-treated ischemia-reperfusion (DES-IR), and(More)