Naoki Miyazawa

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The distribution of gangliosides was studied in the weaver (wv/wv) mutant mouse, where the vast majority of postmitotic granule cell neurons die prior to their differentiation. The wv mutation also shows a dosage effect, as granule cell migration is slowed or retarded in the +/wv heterozygotes. By correlating changes in ganglioside composition with the(More)
The distribution of retinal gangliosides was studied in normal and mutant rats with retinal dystrophy at 30 and 180 days of age. The loss of photoreceptor cells in the retinal dystrophic RCS rats was not associated with a significant reduction in the relative distribution of any of the major retinal gangliosides. The loss of photoreceptors, however, caused(More)
We have previously shown that in vivo genetic modification of tumors with an adenovirus (Ad) vector engineered to express CD40 ligand (AdmCD40L) induces tumor-specific CTLs and suppresses tumor growth in vivo. In the present study, we investigate the hypothesis that this treatment can be made more efficient with 10 2-fold less Ad vector by also(More)
Although parvulin (Par14/eukaryotic parvulin homolog), a peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase, is found associated with the preribosomal ribonucleoprotein (pre-rRNP) complexes, its roles in ribosome biogenesis remain undetermined. In this study, we describe a comprehensive proteomics analysis of the Par14-associated pre-rRNP complexes using LC-MS/MS and a(More)
BACKGROUND Recent observational studies have suggested that use of statins reduces mortality in patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, no meta-analysis has reported the pooled hazard ratio of statins to all-cause mortality. METHODS We searched for eligible articles using five databases. We included randomized controlled(More)
The U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) plays pivotal roles in pre-mRNA splicing and in regulating mRNA length and isoform expression; however, the mechanism of U1 snRNA quality control remains undetermined. Here, we describe a novel surveillance pathway for U1 snRNP biogenesis. Mass spectrometry-based RNA analysis showed that a small population of(More)
BACKGROUND Long-acting beta-agonists were one of the first-choice bronchodilator agents for stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. But the impact of long-acting beta-agonists on mortality was not well investigated. METHODS National Emphysema Treatment Trial provided the data. Severe and very severe stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(More)
BACKGROUND Oral corticosteroids were used to control stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) decades ago. However, recent guidelines do not recommend long-term oral corticosteroids (LTOC) use for stable COPD patients, partly because it causes side-effects such as respiratory muscle deterioration and immunosuppression. Nonetheless, the impact of(More)