Naoki Matsumoto

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PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) silence transposons to maintain genome integrity in animal germ lines. piRNAs are classified as primary and secondary piRNAs, depending on their biogenesis machinery. Primary piRNAs are processed from long non-coding RNA precursors transcribed from piRNA clusters in the genome through the primary processing pathway. Although(More)
We examined the involvement of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha on glutamate-induced cytotoxicity in a differentiated neuronal cell line. In this study, we used nerve growth factor (NGF)-differentiated PC12h cells. Glutamate cytotoxicity was assessed using the MTS and TUNEL assays. To detect TNF-alpha levels in culture supernatants after glutamate(More)
Killer cell lectin-like receptor G1 (KLRG1) is an inhibitory receptor expressed on subsets of natural killer (NK) cells and T cells, for which no endogenous ligands are known. Here, we show that KLRG1 binds three of the classical cadherins (E-, N-, and R-), which are ubiquitously expressed in vertebrates and mediate cell-cell adhesion by homotypic or(More)
The project presents a new locomotion interface for virtual environment with large display system. Users will be able to direct and control the traveling in the VE by in-place stepping and turning actions. Using a turntable technology, Visual feedback is continuously provided though the use of screen of limited size.
The purpose of this paper is to emphasize the importance the consistency between the distance measures on prototype setting and discrimination in elastic matching (EM)-based recognition. Specifically, this paper focuses on the following points: (i) confirmation of performance degradation when Euclidean distance is used on prototype setting whereas(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells express receptors that recognize major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules and regulate cytotoxicity of target cells. In this study, we demonstrate that Ly49A, a prototypical C-type lectin-like receptor expressed on mouse NK cells, requires species-specific determinants on beta2-microglobulin (beta2m) to recognize(More)
LPS consists of a relatively conserved region of lipid A and core oligosaccharide and a highly variable region of O-antigen polysaccharide. Whereas lipid A is known to bind to the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-myeloid differentiation factor 2 (MD2) complex, the role of the O-antigen remains unclear. Here we report a novel molecular interaction between(More)
Malectin was first discovered as a novel endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident lectin from Xenopus laevis that exhibits structural similarity to bacterial glycosylhydrolases. Like other intracellular lectins involved in glycoprotein quality control, malectin is highly conserved in animals. Here results from in vitro membrane-based binding assays and frontal(More)
Acyl-CoA:glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (GPAT) and acyl-CoA: 1-acyl-glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (AGPAT) are involved in the de novo synthesis of triacylglycerol (TAG) and glycerophospholipids. Many enzymes belonging to the GPAT/AGPAT family have recently been identified and their physiological or pathophysiological roles have been proposed.(More)