Naoki Matsumoto

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Two hundred thirteen cytochrome P450 (P450) genes were collected from bacteria and expressed based on an Escherichia coli expression system to test their hydroxylation ability to testosterone. Twenty-four P450s stereoselectively monohydroxylated testosterone at the 2alpha-, 2beta-, 6beta-, 7beta-, 11beta-, 12beta-, 15beta-, 16alpha-, and 17-positions(More)
PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) silence transposons to maintain genome integrity in animal germ lines. piRNAs are classified as primary and secondary piRNAs, depending on their biogenesis machinery. Primary piRNAs are processed from long non-coding RNA precursors transcribed from piRNA clusters in the genome through the primary processing pathway. Although(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells express receptors that recognize major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules and regulate cytotoxicity of target cells. In this study, we demonstrate that Ly49A, a prototypical C-type lectin-like receptor expressed on mouse NK cells, requires species-specific determinants on beta2-microglobulin (beta2m) to recognize(More)
OBJECTIVE Hyperglycemia and hypertension are known to be risk factors for the development of proteinuria in patients with diabetes. Little is known, however, about predictors of progression of renal failure in diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We investigated factors affecting progression of renal failure by measuring the doubling of serum(More)
Misfolded glycoproteins are translocated from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) into the cytoplasm for proteasome-mediated degradation. OS-9 protein is thought to participate in ER-associated glycoprotein degradation (ERAD). The recombinant biotinylated mannose 6-phosphate receptor homology (MRH) domain of human OS-9 (OS-9(MRH)) together with six kinds of(More)
Carbohydrate binding underlies many cell recognition events. Here, we describe a multiplexed glyco-bead array method for determining the carbohydrate-binding specificities of plant lectins using a bead-based flow cytometric analysis. N-glycans including high mannose, hybrid, and complex types and O-glycans from glycoproteins were immobilized on multiplexed(More)
Paclitaxel is widely used for treatment of malignant tumors. Paclitaxel is metabolized by CYP2C8 and CYP3A4, and these enzymes are known to differ between individuals, although the details have not been clarified. Recent progress in pharmacogenetics has shown that genetic polymorphisms of metabolic enzymes are related to these individual differences. We(More)
The mouse NK inhibitory Ly-49A receptor specifically interacts with a peptide-induced conformational determinant on its MHC class I ligand, H-2Dd. In addition, it binds the polysaccharide fucoidan, consistent with its C-type lectin homology and the hypothesis that Ly-49A interacts with carbohydrates on Dd. Herein, however, we demonstrate that Ly-49A(More)
The aim of this study was to determine suitable culture conditions for maintaining the activity of cytochrome p450 (CYP) 3A4 and drug transporters in primary cultured human hepatocytes. Human hepatocytes were isolated using the two-step collagenase perfusion technique and were cultured with four different media, serum-free William's E medium (serum-free(More)
Objective Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is present in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the cumulative development incidence and predictive factors for new onset of CKD in Japanese patients with NAFLD. Methods A total of 5,561 NAFLD patients without CKD were enrolled. CKD was defined as(More)