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Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is involved in malignant behavior of cancers as a mediator in tumor-stromal interactions through enhancing tumor invasion and metastasis. We found recently that NK4, a four-kringle fragment of HGF, functions as both an HGF-antagonist and an angiogenesis inhibitor. We have now determined whether blockade of the HGF-c-Met/HGF(More)
Rats were exposed to toluene at the concentrations of 1,000, 4,000 and 7,000 ppm for 1 hr a day, 6 days a week for 6 months and a half; 154 days' exposure. Behavioral tests on a test battery were carried out after the termination of 154 days' exposure. The performance level of FR 1, extinction of the FR 30 schedule, wheel running activity, scores of open(More)
PURPOSE Radiotherapy remains a major therapeutic option for patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. Nevertheless, the effects of irradiation on malignant biological behaviors (e.g., migration and invasion of cancer cells) have yet to be clarified. Thus, we conducted an in vitro study to investigate the radiation-induced alterations around cell migration(More)
Because of the highly aggressive behaviour, i.e. invasive, disseminative and metastatic properties, the outcome for patients with pancreatic cancer is morbid. A better understanding and interference with the malignant behaviour of pancreatic cancer may provide new directions for treatment. We report here the induction of highly motile and invasive(More)
Telomerase plays a critical role in the development of cellular immortality and oncogenesis. Activation of telomerase occurs in a majority of human malignant tumours, and the relation between telomerase and vulnerability to drug-mediated apoptosis remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrate, for the first time, up-regulation of telomerase activity in(More)
AIMS While overexpression of TGFα has been reported in human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), mice with overexpressed TGFα develop premalignant pancreatic acinar-to-ductal metaplasia (ADM) but not PDAC. TGF-β signaling pathway is pivotal to the development of PDAC and tissue fibrosis. Here we sought to investigate the interplay between TGFα and(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this work was to develop functional parameters to analyze regional cardiac function using ECG-gated 99mTc-tetrofosmin SPECT. Our goal was to develop a methodology that used slice thickness correction, the generation of a time-activity curve and a polar map. METHODS Fourteen normal patients without evidence of coronary artery(More)
OBJECTIVE The use of antithrombotic agents such as anticoagulants and antiplatelet agents is widespread, and the opportunities to treat patients with chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) under antithrombotic therapy are growing. However, whether antithrombotic therapy contributes to postoperative complications and recurrences of CSDH and how these agents should(More)
The present experiment investigated whether or not auditory responses of the middle and/or inner ear in guinea pigs to low frequency sound stimuli [ 60 Hz-2 kHz at 90-120 dB(SPL) ] exhibited the harmonic distortion phenomenon resulting from cochlear microphonics (CM). Measurement of CM leading in turn I by the differential electrode recording method(More)