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Rats were exposed to toluene at the concentrations of 1,000, 4,000 and 7,000 ppm for 1 hr a day, 6 days a week for 6 months and a half; 154 days' exposure. Behavioral tests on a test battery were carried out after the termination of 154 days' exposure. The performance level of FR 1, extinction of the FR 30 schedule, wheel running activity, scores of open(More)
AIMS While overexpression of TGFα has been reported in human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), mice with overexpressed TGFα develop premalignant pancreatic acinar-to-ductal metaplasia (ADM) but not PDAC. TGF-β signaling pathway is pivotal to the development of PDAC and tissue fibrosis. Here we sought to investigate the interplay between TGFα and(More)
OBJECTIVE The use of antithrombotic agents such as anticoagulants and antiplatelet agents is widespread, and the opportunities to treat patients with chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) under antithrombotic therapy are growing. However, whether antithrombotic therapy contributes to postoperative complications and recurrences of CSDH and how these agents should(More)
The signs and features of early-stage primary glioblastoma multiforme(GBM)are not well-characterized. Here, we report a case of GBM that was presented at an early stage and showed extremely rapid progression within a short period. A 63-year-old woman was incidentally revealed to have a tiny lesion in her right parietal lobe. Magnetic resonance(More)
Laparoscopic multi-visceral resection in patients with T4 colorectal cancer remains controversial. A 73-year-old man was admitted to the hospital for rectosigmoid cancer directly invading the urinary bladder trigone without distant metastasis. We successfully performed complete resection by laparoscopic anterior pelvic exenteration while preserving the(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this work was to develop functional parameters to analyze regional cardiac function using ECG-gated 99mTc-tetrofosmin SPECT. Our goal was to develop a methodology that used slice thickness correction, the generation of a time-activity curve and a polar map. METHODS Fourteen normal patients without evidence of coronary artery(More)
To clarify the mechanisms of ischemic change in the vocal fold on phonation, model experiments were performed under various conditions by recording tissue oxygen pressure (Pto2) values under electrical stimulation of either the recurrent laryngeal nerves or external branches of the superior laryngeal nerves. In addition, autonomic nerve regulation of(More)
The ischemic change of the vocal fold on phonation was studied with an oxygen electrode using the canine vocal fold. Oxygen pressures of a limited area of the vocal fold were measured in the lamina propria and vocal muscle at the middle of the membranous portion. The results are summarized as follows: oxygen pressure in each area decreased on phonation as(More)