Learn More
BACKGROUND & AIMS Microsatellite instability (replication error [RER]) is a characteristic of tumors in hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC), but the mechanism of HNPCC carcinogenesis is not yet understood. To clarify the nature of HNPCC tumors, RER and genetic changes were compared between HNPCC and non-HNPCC tumors. METHODS RER and genetic(More)
The human liver enzyme microsomal alcohol oxygenase was able to oxidize both 7alpha- and 7beta-hydroxy-Delta(8)-tetrahydrocannabinol (7alpha- and 7beta-hydroxy-Delta(8)-THC) to 7-oxo-Delta(8)-THC. The oxidative activity was determined by using a panel of 12 individual cDNA-expressed human cytochrome P450s (CYPs) (1A1, 1A2, 2A6, 2B6, 2C8, 2C9-Arg, 2C9-Cys,(More)
A cDNA isolated from a C57BL/6 mouse liver cDNA library had the identical nucleotide sequence in coding region with the mouse CYP3A11, and the NH(2)-terminal sequence was also identical to that of cytochrome P450 (P450) MDX-B, a microsomal alcohol oxygenase. The COS-7 cells transfected with the CYP3A11 expression vector formed(More)
Raloxifene is an antiestrogen marketed for the treatment of osteoporosis. The major metabolic pathway of raloxifene is glucuronidation at 6- and/or 4'-positions, which is mainly catalyzed by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A8 (UGT1A8) expressed in extrahepatic tissues such as the small intestine and colon. Two non-synonymous allelic variants, termed UGT1A8*2(More)
The oxidative activities of 7alpha- and 7beta-hydroxy-Delta8-tetrahydrocannabinol (7alpha- and 7beta-hydroxy-Delta8-THC) to 7-oxo-Delta8-THC in hepatic microsomes of mice were significantly increased by the treatment of mice with dexamethasone or phenobarbital. A cytochrome P450 enzyme, named P450MDX-B, was purified from hepatic microsomes of(More)
1. Raloxifene is an antiestrogen that has been marketed for the treatment of osteoporosis, and is metabolized into 6- and 4'-glucuronides by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) enzymes. In this study, the in vitro glucuronidation of raloxifene in humans and monkeys was examined using liver and intestinal microsomes and recombinant UGT enzymes (UGT1A1, UGT1A8(More)
The antitumor activity of new platinum analogs was studied at equitoxic doses to that of cisplatin (CDDP) in BALB/C nu-nu nude mice bearing xenografts of human ovarian malignant tumors. The following two tumor lines were used: OH-1 (serous cystadenocarcinoma) and MP-1 (mucinous cystadenoma, LPM). 1) Antitumor activity was determined for all agents from the(More)
Dynamic CT was applied to 9 patients with solid ovarian tumors of an unknown nature after ultrasonography and tumor marker tests with CA125, TPA and IAP. Dynamic CT was performed under the condition of normotension and angiotensin II (AT II)-induced hypertension. The results obtained were as follows. 1. Intratumoral blood flow increased 25 percent in(More)
Seven patients with uterine endometrial carcinoma received a postoperative combination chemotherapy with ifosfamide (1g/m2) daily for 5 days, and adriamycin (50mg/m2) and cisplatin (50mg/m2) on day 1 (IAP). All except one patient with the disease without myometrial invasion received 5 courses or more of IAP treatment. Of four patients with measurable(More)
  • 1