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BACKGROUND & AIMS Microsatellite instability (replication error [RER]) is a characteristic of tumors in hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC), but the mechanism of HNPCC carcinogenesis is not yet understood. To clarify the nature of HNPCC tumors, RER and genetic changes were compared between HNPCC and non-HNPCC tumors. METHODS RER and genetic(More)
Raloxifene is an antiestrogen marketed for the treatment of osteoporosis. The major metabolic pathway of raloxifene is glucuronidation at 6- and/or 4'-positions, which is mainly catalyzed by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A8 (UGT1A8) expressed in extrahepatic tissues such as the small intestine and colon. Two non-synonymous allelic variants, termed UGT1A8*2(More)
A cDNA isolated from a C57BL/6 mouse liver cDNA library had the identical nucleotide sequence in coding region with the mouse CYP3A11, and the NH(2)-terminal sequence was also identical to that of cytochrome P450 (P450) MDX-B, a microsomal alcohol oxygenase. The COS-7 cells transfected with the CYP3A11 expression vector formed(More)
The oxidative activities of 7alpha- and 7beta-hydroxy-Delta8-tetrahydrocannabinol (7alpha- and 7beta-hydroxy-Delta8-THC) to 7-oxo-Delta8-THC in hepatic microsomes of mice were significantly increased by the treatment of mice with dexamethasone or phenobarbital. A cytochrome P450 enzyme, named P450MDX-B, was purified from hepatic microsomes of(More)
Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) and integrins cooperate to stimulate cell migration and tumour metastasis. Here we report that an integrin influences signalling of an RTK, c-Met, from inside the cell, to promote anchorage-independent cell survival. Thus, c-Met and β1-integrin co-internalize and become progressively recruited on LC3B-positive(More)
Oculodentodigital Dysplasia (ODDD) is a rare syndrome involving anomalies in eye, tooth, and digit formation, caused by mutations in CX43/GJA1. In addition to classic dental features, ODDD includes oral and craniofacial accessory symptoms such as characteristic facial appearance and cleft palate. However, there have been no reports of ODDD accompanied by(More)
1. Raloxifene is an antiestrogen that has been marketed for the treatment of osteoporosis, and is metabolized into 6- and 4'-glucuronides by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) enzymes. In this study, the in vitro glucuronidation of raloxifene in humans and monkeys was examined using liver and intestinal microsomes and recombinant UGT enzymes (UGT1A1, UGT1A8(More)
The human liver enzyme microsomal alcohol oxygenase was able to oxidize both 7alpha- and 7beta-hydroxy-Delta(8)-tetrahydrocannabinol (7alpha- and 7beta-hydroxy-Delta(8)-THC) to 7-oxo-Delta(8)-THC. The oxidative activity was determined by using a panel of 12 individual cDNA-expressed human cytochrome P450s (CYPs) (1A1, 1A2, 2A6, 2B6, 2C8, 2C9-Arg, 2C9-Cys,(More)
The antitumor activity of new platinum analogs was studied at equitoxic doses to that of cisplatin (CDDP) in BALB/C nu-nu nude mice bearing xenografts of human ovarian malignant tumors. The following two tumor lines were used: OH-1 (serous cystadenocarcinoma) and MP-1 (mucinous cystadenoma, LPM). 1) Antitumor activity was determined for all agents from the(More)