Naoki Kashihara

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OBJECTIVE To explore the involvement of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the development of vascular damage in adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) in rats. METHODS Angiotensin II (Ang II; 0.25 or 1.0 mg/kg/day) was infused in control rats and rats with AIA for 21 days, and the impact of systemic inflammation on Ang II-induced hypertension, endothelial(More)
Unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) results in tubulointerstitial fibrosis of the affected kidney by stimulating the renin-angiotensin system. This study established a UUO model in angiotensin type 1a receptor (AT1a) deficient (mutant) mice to elucidate the role of angiotensin II through AT1a on the fibrosis of the obstructed kidney (OBK). The relative(More)
We have recently demonstrated that endogenous H2O2 plays an important role in coronary autoregulation in vivo. However, the role of H2O2 during coronary ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury remains to be examined. In this study, we examined whether endogenous H2O2 also plays a protective role in coronary I/R injury in dogs in vivo. Canine subepicardial small(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies showed that angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker (ARB) slows progression of chronic renal disease in patients with type 2 diabetes, regardless of changes in blood pressure. We showed that the imbalance of nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) due to endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) uncoupling contributed to renal(More)
BACKGROUND Renal sympathetic nerve activity has important effects on renal function in chronic kidney disease. Recent studies indicated that beta agonists directly stimulate NAD(P)H oxidase in endothelial cells. Therefore, we investigated whether renal denervation protects renal function through an anti-oxidative effect. METHODS The right kidney was(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to compare the cardiovascular effects of olmesartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker, combined with a calcium channel blocker (CCB) or a diuretic, in a prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded endpoint trial. METHODS Japanese hypertensive patients aged at least 65 to less than 85 years with SBP at least(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate endothelial function and levels of vascular oxidative stress in rat adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA), in view of mounting evidence for an association between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and accelerated vascular disease. METHODS Thoracic aortic rings were prepared from AIA and control rats. After preconstriction by norepinephrine,(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS The glomerular endothelial layer is coated by the endothelial surface layer (ESL), which is suggested to play a role in regulation of the permselectivity of macromolecules. Production of heparanase, a degrading enzyme of the ESL, is induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS). We hypothesised that oxidative stress could cause deterioration of(More)
A 24 year old female presented with signs and symptoms of postganglionic cholinergic autonomic dysfunction manifested by impaired lachrymation and salivation, mydriasis of the pupil, decreased gastrointestinal motility, atony of the bladder, and sweating and taste disturbance. Clinical and pharmacological studies confirmed that the abnormalities were(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental studies have suggested that dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors provide cardiovascular protective effects. We performed a randomized study to evaluate the effects of sitagliptin added on to the conventional therapy compared with conventional therapy alone (diet, exercise, and/or drugs, except for incretin-related agents) on the(More)