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Increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in diabetes may be a common pathway linking diverse pathogenic mechanisms of diabetic vascular complications, including nephropathy. Assessment of the oxidative stress production pathway is therefore important for the prediction and prevention of diabetic complications. However, ROS production mechanisms(More)
Glomerulosclerosis is characterized by progressive extracellular matrix accumulation and glomerular cell loss. The role of glomerular cell apoptosis in glomerulosclerosis was investigated in the rat remnant kidney model and in human glomerular diseases. We identified apoptotic cells in the glomeruli, tubules and interstitium in the remnant kidney by(More)
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at an increased risk not only for end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) but also for cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this review article, we summarize the current evidence of CKD as a high-risk condition for CVD based on reports from Japan and other countries to draw attention to the close clinical association(More)
The aim of this study was to assess if low-dose tacrolimus is efficacious for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) when combined with methotrexate (MTX). The clinical courses of 32 RA patients who received tacrolimus plus MTX were analyzed retrospectively. Disease activity and clinical response were evaluated by DAS28 (disease activity score of 28(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that enhanced peroxidative damage caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS) may contribute to the pathogenesis of cisplatin-induced acute renal failure. Nevertheless, little is known about the involvement of oxygen radicals in cisplatin nephropathy. In this study, we investigated the effects of a novel free radical scavenger,(More)
Lower adiponectin levels in circulation are shown to be associated with endothelial dysfunction, which is a crucial feature in the evolution of atherosclerosis. The aim of our study is to evaluate the effect of anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy on adiponectin levels with endothelial function and arterial stiffness. Fifteen Japanese patients with(More)
Both ulcerative colitis and Takayasu's arteritis are though to be organ-specific immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. We present the rare case of a 23-year-old woman with a 4-year history of ulcerative colitis who developed Takayasu's arteritis one month after giving birth. She was found to carry the human leukocyte antigens (HLA)-B52 and DR2, which were(More)
Unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) results in tubulointerstitial fibrosis of the affected kidney by stimulating the renin-angiotensin system. This study established a UUO model in angiotensin type 1a receptor (AT1a) deficient (mutant) mice to elucidate the role of angiotensin II through AT1a on the fibrosis of the obstructed kidney (OBK). The relative(More)
Angiotensin type 1 receptor blockers are more effective than other antihypertensive agents in slowing the progression of renal disease. Angiotensin II (Ang II) induces production of NAD(P)H oxidase-dependent superoxide in vascular and mesangial cells, but the direct role of Ang II in glomerular superoxide production remains unknown. Here we examined the(More)