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The maturation of the endocochlear potential (EP) and the inner ear fluid ionic composition were studied in fetal and neonate guinea pigs. The concentration of sodium and potassium in endolymph and perilymph approximated adult values more than 2 weeks before birth. Endolymph had acquired its specific ionic composition before the onset of cochlear(More)
It is believed that the function of the stria vascularis in the cochlea is to produce endolymph. However, the mechanisms that maintain and control the function of the stria vascularis remain unclear. In the present study, to clarify the role of humoral substances in the stria vascularis, a cerium-based method was used to investigate the ultracytochemical(More)
Ion-transporting Na,K-ATPase plays an essential role in nerve conduction. To clarify the cytochemical effects of reserpine on transport Na,K-ATPase activity, the localization of ouabain-sensitive, K(+)-dependent p-nitrophenylphosphatase (K-NPPase) activity was investigated in the facial nerves of normal and reserpinized guinea pigs using a cerium-based(More)
The function of the stria vascularis in the cochlea is believed to be the production of endolymph. The mechanisms that maintain or control the function of the stria vascularis, however, remain unclear. In the present study, the effects of one-shot reserpine administration on the NaK ATPase activity of the stria vascularis in guinea pigs were investigated.(More)
In order to clarify the effect of reserpine on the Na(+)-K+ active transport in the stria vascularis we investigated the localization of ouabain-sensitive K(+)-dependent p-nitro-phenylphosphatase (K-NPPase) activity in the stria vascularis of reserpinized guinea pigs using the cerium-based method. The K-NPPase activity in marginal cells differed from cell(More)
BACKGROUND Among the cranial nerves, the facial nerve is most liable to be damaged. Pathologic changes in the facial motor nucleus (FMN) after nerve injury are not well recognized, and the optimal time for facial nerve reconstruction after axotomy is controversial. In this study, to clarify the pathologic change in the FMN after axotomy and to determine the(More)
1,5-Bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,4-pentadiene-3-one (2) was isolated from Curcuma domestica as a curcumin (1)-related compound, which we named C5-curcumin. Intrigued by the potent antitumor activity of C5-curcumin (2)-related 1,5-bisaryl-1,4-pentadiene-3-ones [bis(arylmethylidene)acetones, termed C5-curcuminoids], we previously conducted a(More)
It is believed that the function of the stria vascularis in the cochlea is to produce endolymph. The mechanisms that maintain or control the function of the stria vascularis, however, remain unclear. In a previous study, we investigated the ultracytochemical effects of one-shot reserpine administration on the Na-K ATPase activity of the stria vascularis in(More)
Serum, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), scala vestibuli perilymph, and scala tympani perilymph were collected from 85 normal guinea pigs both before and after i.v. administration of glycerol (1 ml/kg), and the sodium and potassium concentrations were assessed using a microflame photometer. Marked increases in sodium concentrations were observed in scala tympani(More)
Sodium/potassium-activated adenosine triphosphatase (Na+/K+-ATPase) activity in the kidney and brain is high, and is regulated by catecholamines. Na+/K+-ATPase activity is also high in the basolateral infoldings of the strial marginal cells, where it aids in maintaining the characteristic electrolyte composition of the endolymph. To clarify the involvement(More)