Naoki Horimoto

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Fetal behavioural patterns were examined to test whether they could be used to localise sites of brain damage antenatally. Decreased fetal movement, persistent nonreactive fetal heart rate (FHR) pattern, and/or central nervous system malformation were used as indicators of possible neurological impairment. Ten fetuses tested in this way underwent further(More)
To evaluate whether mouthing movement in the human fetus is related to advance in gestational age and whether such movement is concurrent with rapid eye movement or non-rapid eye movement phases, 26 fetuses from 28 to 41 weeks' gestation were observed for 60 continuous minutes with real-time ultrasonography. It was evident that regular mouthing movement(More)
The goal of this study was to determine whether rapid eye movement and slow eye movement exist during the eye-movement period in the human fetus in utero. We studied 21 fetuses with real-time ultrasonography, 10 from 33 to 36 weeks and 11 from 37 to 41 weeks' gestation. We used the duration of eye-movement unit as a parameter and calculated the cumulative(More)
To elucidate processes involved in the developing fetal stomach in utero, we examined chronological changes in maximum longitudinal and anteroposterior gastric dimensions in 618 fetuses from 16 to 41 weeks of gestation, using real-time ultrasound. Three statistically critical points were evident at 26-27, 32-33, and 36-37 weeks of gestation. Both dimensions(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate whether micturition occurs, temporally related to the onset of the rapid eye movement (REM) period, in the human fetus. The study was made on 139 fetuses at 33-36 weeks and 153 at 37-41 weeks gestation. The discrepancies between the expected (F(exp)) and observed (F(obs)) frequencies of time lag between the(More)
We tested whether a chimpanzee fetus could form an association between an extrauterine tone and vibroacoustic stimulation (VAS) using classical conditioning treatment. Two kinds of pure tone were used as the conditioned stimuli, one where a 500-Hz tone was always followed by a VAS of 80 Hz (110 gal), the unconditioned stimulus (US), and another where a(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to characterize eye movement patterns in the human fetus at term persisting in breech presentation. STUDY DESIGN Studied were 11 fetuses in breech presentation and 12 in cephalic presentation at 36 to 41 weeks' gestation, of which the presentation remained unchanged from 32 weeks' gestation until delivery. With real-time(More)
The aim of this study is to reveal whether the penis per se actually becomes tumescent and flaccid, in time sequence, in the human fetus at term. We observed the fetal penis with real-time ultrasonography in 50 male human fetuses at 36-39 weeks' gestation and measured the penile length once at a given time per 1-min epoch for each case during the 60-min(More)
We describe three fetuses at term that demonstrated abnormal behavioral patterns in utero when observed using real-time ultrasound. The abnormal patterns turned out to have neurologic correlations after birth. In case 1, despite a normal breathing pattern, no movement in any of the four extremities was observed, thus suggesting the existence of a spinal(More)
AIMS To evaluate whether maternal blood cortisol acts as an entrainer of the fetus, we compared diurnal variations in the fetal heart rate (FHR) of two cases with Cushing's syndrome, under condition of glucocorticoid replacement therapy after adrenalectomy. SUBJECTS The Maternal cortisol concentration in Case 1 showed bimodal change, at 31 and 38 weeks'(More)