Learn More
Fetal behavioural patterns were examined to test whether they could be used to localise sites of brain damage antenatally. Decreased fetal movement, persistent nonreactive fetal heart rate (FHR) pattern, and/or central nervous system malformation were used as indicators of possible neurological impairment. Ten fetuses tested in this way underwent further(More)
To evaluate whether mouthing movement in the human fetus is related to advance in gestational age and whether such movement is concurrent with rapid eye movement or non-rapid eye movement phases, 26 fetuses from 28 to 41 weeks' gestation were observed for 60 continuous minutes with real-time ultrasonography. It was evident that regular mouthing movement(More)
We tested whether a chimpanzee fetus could form an association between an extrauterine tone and vibroacoustic stimulation (VAS) using classical conditioning treatment. Two kinds of pure tone were used as the conditioned stimuli, one where a 500-Hz tone was always followed by a VAS of 80 Hz (110 gal), the unconditioned stimulus (US), and another where a(More)
The goal of this study was to determine whether rapid eye movement and slow eye movement exist during the eye-movement period in the human fetus in utero. We studied 21 fetuses with real-time ultrasonography, 10 from 33 to 36 weeks and 11 from 37 to 41 weeks' gestation. We used the duration of eye-movement unit as a parameter and calculated the cumulative(More)
The aim of this study is to reveal whether the penis per se actually becomes tumescent and flaccid, in time sequence, in the human fetus at term. We observed the fetal penis with real-time ultrasonography in 50 male human fetuses at 36-39 weeks' gestation and measured the penile length once at a given time per 1-min epoch for each case during the 60-min(More)
It is well known that 1/f characteristics in power spectral patterns exist in various biological factors including heart rate variability. In the present study, we tried to elucidate the diurnal variation in spectral properties of eye movement and heart rate variability in the human fetus at term, via continuous 24-h observation of both these parameters.(More)
AIMS To evaluate whether maternal blood cortisol acts as an entrainer of the fetus, we compared diurnal variations in the fetal heart rate (FHR) of two cases with Cushing's syndrome, under condition of glucocorticoid replacement therapy after adrenalectomy. SUBJECTS The Maternal cortisol concentration in Case 1 showed bimodal change, at 31 and 38 weeks'(More)
To assess how REM/NREM periods can be linked to the determination of the REM/NREM sleep and/or awake state, we have investigated the relationship between the REM/NREM periods and penile tumescence in the human fetus. This study was made on 11 male fetuses from 36 to 41 weeks of gestation. Eye movement and penile tumescence were simultaneously examined with(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate whether micturition occurs, temporally related to the onset of the rapid eye movement (REM) period, in the human fetus. The study was made on 139 fetuses at 33-36 weeks and 153 at 37-41 weeks gestation. The discrepancies between the expected (F(exp)) and observed (F(obs)) frequencies of time lag between the(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to characterize eye movement patterns in the human fetus at term persisting in breech presentation. STUDY DESIGN Studied were 11 fetuses in breech presentation and 12 in cephalic presentation at 36 to 41 weeks' gestation, of which the presentation remained unchanged from 32 weeks' gestation until delivery. With real-time(More)