Learn More
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels are activated by various metabolic stresses, including hypoxia. The substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr), the area with the highest expression of K(ATP) channels in the brain, plays a pivotal role in the control of seizures. Mutant mice lacking the Kir6.2 subunit of K(ATP) channels(More)
To evaluate whether mouthing movement in the human fetus is related to advance in gestational age and whether such movement is concurrent with rapid eye movement or non-rapid eye movement phases, 26 fetuses from 28 to 41 weeks' gestation were observed for 60 continuous minutes with real-time ultrasonography. It was evident that regular mouthing movement(More)
We tested whether a chimpanzee fetus could form an association between an extrauterine tone and vibroacoustic stimulation (VAS) using classical conditioning treatment. Two kinds of pure tone were used as the conditioned stimuli, one where a 500-Hz tone was always followed by a VAS of 80 Hz (110 gal), the unconditioned stimulus (US), and another where a(More)
Fetal behavioural patterns were examined to test whether they could be used to localise sites of brain damage antenatally. Decreased fetal movement, persistent nonreactive fetal heart rate (FHR) pattern, and/or central nervous system malformation were used as indicators of possible neurological impairment. Ten fetuses tested in this way underwent further(More)
The goal of this study was to determine whether rapid eye movement and slow eye movement exist during the eye-movement period in the human fetus in utero. We studied 21 fetuses with real-time ultrasonography, 10 from 33 to 36 weeks and 11 from 37 to 41 weeks' gestation. We used the duration of eye-movement unit as a parameter and calculated the cumulative(More)
We investigated the effects of arachidonic acid on K+ channels in freshly dissociated neurons of 10- to 20-day-old rat visual cortex, using a perforated and conventional whole-cell patch-clamp and inside-out excised patch configurations. Arachidonic acid at 5-30 microM induced an outward current in 88.1% of the neurons in whole-cell mode, and evoked channel(More)
Developmental changes in the effects of arachidonic acid (AA) on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated currents were investigated in acutely dissociated rat cortical neurones using a whole-cell patch-clamp method. AA potentiated peak NMDA currents (INMDA) in a concentration-dependent manner. Potentiation by AA was greater at 2-4 postnatal days(More)
To elucidate diurnal variations in eye movement and fetal heart rate (FHR) variability in the term fetus, we observed these two parameters continuously for 24 h, using real-time ultrasound and Doppler cardiotocograph, respectively. Studied were five uncomplicated fetuses at term. The time series data of the presence and absence of eye movement and mean FHR(More)
1. The potentiation of glycine receptor-mediated taurine response (Itau) by alpha 1 adrenoceptor activation was investigated in neurons freshly dissociated from the rat substantia nigra (SN) using a nystatin perforated-patch recording. 2. Norepinephrine (NE) at a concentration of 10(-4) M in the presence of 10(-5) M yohimbine and 10(-5) M propranolol(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to characterize eye movement patterns in the human fetus at term persisting in breech presentation. STUDY DESIGN Studied were 11 fetuses in breech presentation and 12 in cephalic presentation at 36 to 41 weeks' gestation, of which the presentation remained unchanged from 32 weeks' gestation until delivery. With real-time(More)