Naoki Hiramatsu

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Cadmium is a widely distributed nephrotoxic metal that causes renal tubular injury. In this report, we investigated involvement of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and individual unfolded protein responses in cadmium-initiated apoptosis of tubular epithelial cells. Cadmium chloride (CdCl(2)) induced expression of endogenous ER stress markers, GRP78, GRP94(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection induces a wide range of chronic liver injuries. The mechanism by which HCV evades the immune surveillance system remains obscure. Blood dendritic cells (DCs) consist of myeloid and plasmacytoid subsets that play distinct roles in the regulation of antivirus immune responses; however, their roles in the pathogenesis of HCV(More)
UNLABELLED The polymorphisms in the interleukin (IL)-28B (interferon-lambda [IFN]-λ3) gene are strongly associated with the efficacy of hepatitis C virus (HCV) clearance. Dendritic cells (DCs) sense HCV and produce IFNs, thereby playing some cooperative roles with HCV-infected hepatocytes in the induction of interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs). Blood(More)
Vitellogenin (Vg) and its three egg yolk protein products, lipovitellin (Lv), phosvitin (Pv) and beta'-component, were isolated from mature female Sakhalin taimen (Hucho perryi). Vg had an apparent molecular weight of 540 kDa and appeared as a major 240 kDa band in SDS-PAGE, which resolved into two major bands (165 and 125 kDa) after reduction. The(More)
NK cells are potent activators of dendritic cells (DCs), but it remains obscure how third-party cells affect the ability of NK cells to modulate DC functions. We show here that NK cells derived from healthy donors (N-NK), when cocultured with human liver epithelial cells, induced maturation as well as activation of DCs, such as increased migratory capacity(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of interferon (IFN) monotherapy on the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in aged-patients with chronic hepatitis C. Seven hundred and twenty-five patients with histologically proven chronic hepatitis C were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study; 531 received IFN monotherapy for 6 months between(More)
The efficacy of low-dose lansoprazole has not been established for the prevention of recurrent gastric or duodenal ulcers in those receiving long-term low-dose aspirin (LDA) for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular protection. This study sought to examine the efficacy of low-dose lansoprazole (15 mg once daily) for the secondary prevention of LDA-associated(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of microRNA (miRNA) on hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication in hepatoma cells. Using miRNA array analysis, miR-192/miR-215, miR-194, miR-320, and miR-491 were identified as miRNAs whose expression levels were altered by HCV infection. Among them, miR-192/miR-215 and miR-491 were capable of enhancing(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate whether oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was useful in evaluating the prognosis of patients with liver cirrhosis. METHODS Fifty-six patients with liver cirrhosis were enrolled in a prospective cohort study. In all cases, glucose tolerance was diagnosed by a 75-g OGTT according to World Health Organization(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS This study investigated the efficacy and adverse effects of pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) plus ribavirin therapy in aged patients with chronic hepatitis C (CH-C). METHODS A total of 1040 naïve patients with CH-C (genotype 1, n=759; genotype 2, n=281), of whom 240 (23%) over 65 years old (y.o.), were treated with Peg-IFN alfa-2b plus(More)