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We reported previously that transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) selectively induced high levels of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) mRNA and protein in human skin fibroblasts. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism for TGF-beta regulation of CTGF gene expression. Northern blot and run-on transcription assays indicate that(More)
OBJECTIVE The perirolandic regions were studied by extensive electrical stimulation to clarify the topography and somatotopic distribution of negative motor areas (NMAs) and examine the clinical significance of these areas. METHODS We evaluated the cortical function elicited by electrical stimulation in 30 patients with tumors or intractable epilepsy. The(More)
PURPOSE Evidence from studies with small numbers of patients indicates that (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) accurately detects distant metastases in the staging of primary breast cancer. We compared the sensitivity and specificity of PET/CT and conventional imaging (CT, ultrasonography, radiography, and(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated whether patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) -positive primary breast tumors had metastatic tumors that were HER2 positive (concordant) or HER2 negative (discordant). We then evaluated whether treatment with trastuzumab or chemotherapy before biopsy of the metastasis had any effect on the rate of HER2(More)
Adjuvant hormonal therapy for hormone receptor (HR)-positive primary breast cancer patients and a human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-targeted agent for HER2-positive primary breast cancer patients are standard treatment. However, it is not well known whether adding hormonal therapy to the combination of preoperative or postoperative(More)
The intestinal tract is considered the most important reservoir of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in intensive care units (ICUs). Gut colonization by P. aeruginosa underlies the development of invasive infections such as gut-derived sepsis. Intestinal colonization by P. aeruginosa is associated with higher ICU mortality rates. The translocation of endogenous P.(More)
The clinical course and prognostic factors of HER2-positive breast cancer patients with brain metastases are not well known because of the relatively small population. The aim of this study was to determine prognostic factors associated with HER2-positive patients who develop brain metastases. This retrospective study assessed the largest dataset to date of(More)
BACKGROUND The epidemiology of inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) in East Asia has not been fully investigated. We hypothesized the epidemiologic factors associated with IBC in Japanese populations are different from other populations. To determine this, we conducted a comparison study assessing multiple clinically relevant risk factors. PATIENTS AND(More)
AIMS Suicidal behavior (SB) is a major mental health problem. The research has identified many factors related to SB, such as problems in the developmental period and psychiatric and personality disorders. However, the interrelation of these factors has not been clearly delineated. METHODS The subjects were 155 patients consecutively admitted with SB to a(More)
CTGF is a 38 kDa cysteine-rich peptide whose synthesis and secretion are selectively induced by transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) in connective tissue cells. We have investigated the signaling pathways controlling the TGF-beta induction of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) gene expression. Our studies indicate that inhibitors of tyrosine(More)