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OBJECTIVE The perirolandic regions were studied by extensive electrical stimulation to clarify the topography and somatotopic distribution of negative motor areas (NMAs) and examine the clinical significance of these areas. METHODS We evaluated the cortical function elicited by electrical stimulation in 30 patients with tumors or intractable epilepsy. The(More)
OBJECTIVE Studies in Finland, England, and Denmark have reported that individuals exposed to the 1957 A2 influenza pandemic during their second trimester in utero are at greater risk for later schizophrenia. However, other studies in England, the United States, and Holland reported no such association. The authors' goal was to shed light on these conflicts.(More)
The objective of the present study was to examine the efficacy of group musical therapy for inpatients with DSM-IV schizophrenia or schizoaffective psychosis. Thirty-four therapy group subjects in a ward for long-stay female patients received 15 group musical therapy sessions over 4 months, while 32 waiting group subjects from another ward with the same(More)
PURPOSE We examined whether early response/non-response to risperidone according to the Clinical Global Impressions-improvement scale (CGI-I) at 2 weeks could predict subsequent response. This prediction was also applied to olanzapine. We then investigated whether early non-responders (ENRs) to risperidone or olanzapine who switched to the other showed(More)
By means of the multisample structured means strategy, we examined gender differences in a five-factorial structure model of Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) ratings of 308 patients of both sexes with DSM-IV schizophrenia with comparable age at investigation and overall symptomatic severity across sex. The test indicated that the factors and(More)
PURPOSE Limited information is available about the optimal management and clinical outcome of bone-only metastases in breast cancer patients. The objective of this study was to define prognostic factors for patients with bone-only metastases. Our second objective was to compare progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) between patients with(More)
This study is an attempt to evaluate the treatment relationship with schizophrenic patients by examining the patients' and their therapists' perceptions of themselves and each other, which are hypothesized to reflect features of the relationship. One hundred fifty-eight schizophrenic patients and 11 psychiatrists who maintained a supportive relationship(More)
Craniopharyngioma has benign histological character. However, because of proximity to optic pathways, pituitary gland, and hypothalamus, it may cause severe and permanent damage to such critical structures and can even be life threatening. Total surgical resection is often difficult. This study aims to evaluate treatment results of Novalis stereotactic(More)
BACKGROUND Patients admitted to a psychiatric hospital with suicidal behavior (SB) are considered to be especially at high risk of suicide. However, the number of studies that have addressed this patient population remains insufficient compared to that of studies on suicidal patients in emergency or medical settings. The purpose of this study is to seek(More)