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Marfan syndrome is an extracellular matrix disorder with cardinal manifestations in the eye, skeleton and cardiovascular systems associated with defects in the gene encoding fibrillin (FBN1) at 15q21.1 (ref. 1). A second type of the disorder (Marfan syndrome type 2; OMIM 154705) is associated with a second locus, MFS2, at 3p25–p24.2 in a large French family(More)
The mammalian Chk2 kinase is thought to mediate ATM-dependent signaling in response to DNA damage. The physiological role of mammalian Chk2 has now been investigated by the generation of Chk2-deficient mice. Although Chk2(-/-) mice appeared normal, they were resistant to ionizing radiation (IR) as a result of the preservation of splenic lymphocytes.(More)
To characterize a submicroscopic, common 8p23 polymorphic inversion, we constructed a complete BAC/PAC-based physical map covering the entire 4.7-Mb inversion and its flanking regions. Two low-copy repeats (LCRs), REPD (approximately 1.3 Mb) and REPP (approximately 0.4 Mb), were identified at each of the inversion breakpoints. Comparison of the REPD and(More)
We isolated NSD1 from the 5q35 breakpoint in an individual with Sotos syndrome harboring a chromosomal translocation. We identified 1 nonsense, 3 frameshift and 20 submicroscopic deletion mutations of NSD1 among 42 individuals with sporadic cases of Sotos syndrome. The results indicate that haploinsufficiency of NSD1 is the major cause of Sotos syndrome.
The aim of this clinical and experimental study was to determine whether systemic neuron-specific enolase (NSE) is a useful early marker of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and whether NSE is affected by ischemia/reperfusion damage of abdominal organs. Our study included patients with and without TBI (verified by computerized tomography) admitted within 6 h(More)
Sotos syndrome (SoS) is a congenital dysmorphic disorder characterized by overgrowth in childhood, distinctive craniofacial features, and mental retardation. Haploinsufficiency of the NSD1 gene owing to either intragenic mutations or microdeletions is known to be the major cause of SoS. The common approximately 2.2-Mb microdeletion encompasses the whole(More)
We describe a chromosome-band-specific painting method that involves (1) microdissection of the chromosome, chromosomal region or band, (2) amplification of a variety of chromosome/region/band-specific DNA fragments with the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and (3) chromosome in situ suppression hybridization (CISS) with the direct use of the PCR products(More)
Sotos syndrome (SoS) is an autosomal dominant overgrowth syndrome with characteristic craniofacial dysmorphic features and various degrees of mental retardation. We previously showed that haploinsufficiency of the NSD1 gene is the major cause of SoS, and submicroscopic deletions at 5q35, including NSD1, were found in about a half (20/42) of our patients(More)
AbstractType 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a group of multifactorial disorders due to either defective insulin secretion or action. Despite the fact that numerous genetic researches of T2DM have been pursued, the pathogenic mechanisms remain obscure. We encountered a T2DM family associated with a balanced reciprocal translocation, t(3;9)(p21.31;q33.1). To(More)
We analyzed five patients with inverted duplication deletion of 8p [inv dup del(8p)] using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and short tandem repeat polymorphism (STRP) analysis. In all patients, inv dup del(8p) consisted of a deleted distal segment, an intact in-between segment, and a duplicated proximal segment. In all of them, the proximal(More)