Naoki Asakawa

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 The effects of a large species of anecic earthworm, Martiodrilus carimaguensis Jiménez and Moreno, on soil C and N dynamics were investigated in a native savanna and a man-made pasture of the eastern plains of Colombia. We compared, across time (11 months), the total C, total N, NH+ 4 and NO– 3 contents in the earthworm casts, the underlying soil and the(More)
The cholyl-adenylate, covalently bound 3alpha, 7alpha, 12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholanoic acid (cholic acid) with adenosine 5'-monophosphate having an acid anhydride linkage, has been characterized by means of liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry in an incubation mixture with a rat liver microsomal fraction. The authentic specimen of cholyl-adenylate was(More)
Sphingolipid metabolites ceramide, sphingomyelin, sphingosine, psycosine, sphingosylphosphorylcholine, and dimethylsphingosine were separated and simulataneously quantitated by liquid chromatography/ionspray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/ MS). The use of glassware throughout minimized losses due to adsorption and the pretreatment of this method(More)
A coated capillary modified with a cationic polymer was developed by using a novel coating procedure, successive multiple ionic-polymer (SMIL) coating. The SMIL coating was achieved by first attaching the cationic polymer to the capillary inner wall, and then the anionic polymer to the cationic polymer layer, and finally the cationic polymer to the anionic(More)
We examined the suppression methodology of the interaction between phosphate compounds, such as nucleotides, and the stainless steel surfaces of high-performance liquid chromatography and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HPLC/ESI-MS) equipment in an effort to prevent the tailing of peaks seen in HPLC chromatograms of phosphate compounds. Addition(More)
We developed a rapid screening method for determination of pK(a) of candidate drugs by pressure-assisted capillary electrophoresis (CE) coupled with a photodiode array detector. Application of pressure during CE analysis allowed completion of one CE run in less than 1 min, and the obtained pH-metric mobility shifts as well as pH-metric UV spectrum were(More)
Several formulation approaches were attempted to improve the dissolution and the oral absorption of ER-34122, which is a novel dual 5-lipoxygenase/cyclooxygenase inhibitor with potent anti-inflammatory activity. The solid dispersion of ER-34122 with hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (TC-5RW), which is an inert solid carrier, resulted in a significant improvement(More)
We evaluated a new restricted access media (RAM) precolumn for direct analysis of drugs in plasma using a column switching HPLC system. The new RAM material was prepared by the modification of the external surface of porous silica with hydrophilic methylcellulose (MC), followed by modification of the internal surface with octadecylsilane (ODS). The external(More)
Surfactants suppress the electrospray ionization (ESI) of various compounds. Here we demonstrate that fluorinated surfactants such as perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOSA) could be employed for ESI-MS without a significant decrease in sensitivity. Both PFOA and PFOSA could be applied to the analysis of ionic and nonionic(More)