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We developed a rapid screening method for determination of pK(a) of candidate drugs by pressure-assisted capillary electrophoresis (CE) coupled with a photodiode array detector. Application of pressure during CE analysis allowed completion of one CE run in less than 1 min, and the obtained pH-metric mobility shifts as well as pH-metric UV spectrum were(More)
It is well known that yeast cells survive environmental stresses such as desiccation and freezing and there is evidence that these phenomena may be related to the presence of trehalose in the cells. However, the molecular mechanism by which trehalose might exert an influence on cell functions remains unknown. In this report, thermogravimetry and(More)
The cholyl-adenylate, covalently bound 3alpha, 7alpha, 12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholanoic acid (cholic acid) with adenosine 5'-monophosphate having an acid anhydride linkage, has been characterized by means of liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry in an incubation mixture with a rat liver microsomal fraction. The authentic specimen of cholyl-adenylate was(More)
Dissociation constants (pKaS) of acidic, basic, and amphoteric pharmaceuticals were exactly determined by capillary electrophoresis. A general equation for use in calculation of pKaS from solute mobilities observed at different pHs was derived to be suitable for a multivalent compound with close pKaS such as angiotensins, which are bioactive octa- or(More)
Excess activation of glutamate receptors and production of free radicals including nitric oxide may result in severe and irreversible damage to the mammalian central nervous system (CNS), but endogenous defense systems that protect neurons from these insults are poorly understood. Here, we purified and isolated a neuroprotective substance, which has been(More)
A high-performance liquid chromatographic method using the column-switching technique was developed for the simultaneous determination of E3810 and its metabolites (M1-M4). An avidin column was used for in-line pretreatment to exclude plasma proteins, allowing direct injection of a large volume of plasma. A flavoprotein-conjugated chiral stationary phase in(More)
An enantioselective high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the determination of E3810, a new anti-ulcer agent, in Beagle dog plasma and rat plasma has been developed. After extraction from plasma with ethyl acetate, E3810 enantiomers were measured by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography on a Chiralcel OD-R column. The(More)
High-performance liquid chromatography with column switching and mass spectrometry (MS) was applied to the on-line determination and resolution of the enantiomers of E2020 (acetylcholinesterase inhibitor) in plasma. This system employs two avidin columns and fast atom bombardment (FAB)-MS. A plasma sample was injected directly into an avidin trapping column(More)
A new concept in high-performance liquid chromatography supports is proposed for the direct injection analysis of drug enantiomers in plasma. The new supports are designed with disuccinimidyl suberate as a hydrophobic internal region, and avidin protein as a hydrophilic and bulky surface region. Plasma proteins are excluded by the avidin phase and are(More)