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PURPOSE To determine whether partial loss of the hippocampal striation (PLHS) at 3.0 T is more accurate than the currently accepted methods of using conventional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to detect hippocampal sclerosis in medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). MATERIALS AND METHODS This retrospective study had institutional review board approval,(More)
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been used as a potential therapeutic tool in various neurological and psychiatric disorders. We reviewed the effects of rTMS as a treatment of Parkinson disease in this paper. The existing reports have been conflicting regarding the efficacy of the rTMS in PD. The controversy arises from the(More)
To determine the characteristics of high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) of cortical somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs), the effect of general anesthesia on HFOs and low-frequency primary cortical responses was studied. The authors recorded SEPs elicited by median nerve stimulation directly from human brains of seven patients who underwent implantation of(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the effects of different stimulus rates on high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) of somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEPs), we recorded median nerve SEPs directly from the human cerebral cortex. METHODS SEPs were recorded from subdural electrodes in 5 patients with intractable epilepsy, under the conditions of low (3.3Hz) and high(More)
We studied the preventive effect against allergies in infants who and whose mothers consumed hypoallergenic formulas until 6 months after birth. Mother and infant pairs were divided into three groups, and the infants were monitored for the development of allergies for the first 2 years. In the MD group (n = 102; n = number of infants), the mothers were(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the focal nature of the early and late inhibition of corticospinal neurons demonstrated by a paired-pulse stimulation paradigm. METHODS We performed paired-electric pulse stimulation studies using subdural electrodes implanted in 4 patients with intractable partial epilepsy. RESULTS Inhibition of motor evoked potentials in the(More)
PURPOSE Epidemiologic studies have shown that the incidence of epilepsy is the highest in the elderly population. Because the elderly constitutes the most rapidly growing population, epilepsy in this group is an important health issue worldwide. To identify the characteristics of epilepsy in the elderly, we reviewed our experience at a tertiary referral(More)
We have developed a device for pinpoint delivery of chemicals, proteins, and nucleic acids into cultured cells. The principle underlying the technique is the flow of molecules from the culture medium into cells through a rupture in the plasma membrane made by a needle puncture. DNA transfection is achieved by stabbing the needle tip into the nucleus. The(More)
Although memory, language, and executive functions have been extensively studied in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE), few investigations of the decision-making abilities of these patients have been performed. We studied implicit decision-making (decisions under ambiguity) in right and left MTLE patients using the Iowa Gambling Task. The(More)
In this study, we aimed to investigate the types of seizures and epilepsy associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We searched the medical records at a tertiary referral center to identify a cohort of epilepsy patients with SLE who were treated between January 2000 and August 2011. We analyzed the clinical and immunologic profiles of these(More)