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Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), such as omeprazole, lansoprazole, rabeprazole, esomeprazole, and pantoprazole, are mainly metabolized by CYP2C19 in the liver. There are genetically determined differences in the activity of this enzyme. The genotypes of CYP2C19 are classified into the three groups, rapid extensive metabolizer (RM), intermediate metabolizer(More)
BACKGROUND Omeprazole is mainly metabolized in the liver by CYP2C19, a genetically determined enzyme, whereas rabeprazole is mainly reduced non-enzymatically and partially metabolized by CYP2C19. The therapeutic effects of rabeprazole are therefore assumed to be less affected by an individual's CYP2C19 status. AIM To investigate the acid inhibitory(More)
Helicobacter pylori eradication rates by triple therapy with a proton pump inhibitor, amoxicillin, and clarithromycin at standard doses depend on bacterial susceptibility to clarithromycin and patient CYP2C19 genotypes. We examined the usefulness of a personalized therapy for H. pylori infection based on these factors as determined by genetic testing.(More)
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), such as omeprazole, lansoprazole, rabeprazole, esomeprazole, and pantoprazole, are metabolized by cytochrome P450 isoenzyme 2C19 (CYP2C19) in the liver. There are genetic differences that affect the activity of this enzyme. The genotypes of CYP2C19 are classified into three groups: homozygous extensive metabolizer (homEM),(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE A triple therapy with omeprazole, amoxicillin (INN, amoxicilline), and clarithromycin is widely used for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori. Omeprazole and clarithromycin are metabolized by CYP2C19 and CYP3A4. This study aimed to elucidate whether clarithromycin affects the metabolism of omeprazole. METHODS After administration(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM In Western countries, polymorphism of pro-inflammatory cytokine genes is associated with the development of gastric cancer and duodenal ulcer. The aim of this study was to clarify the association of polymorphisms of interleukin (IL)-1beta and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha with susceptibility to peptic ulcer diseases and gastric cancer(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1beta) polymorphisms are associated with increased risk of gastric cancer in whites. This study aimed to examine effects of these polymorphisms on gastric acid secretion, atrophic gastritis, and risk of peptic ulcer in Japan. METHODS We determined IL-1B-511/-31 and IL-1RN genotypes and measured gastric juice pH,(More)
BACKGROUND Proton pump inhibitors such as omeprazole and lansoprazole are mainly metabolized by CYP2C19 in the liver. The therapeutic effects of proton pump inhibitors are assumed to depend on CYP2C19 genotype status. OBJECTIVE We investigated whether CYP2C19 genotype status was related to eradication rates of H pylori by triple proton pump(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The acid-inhibitory effect of lansoprazole depends on differences in cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 genotypes. We assessed whether therapeutic effects of lansoprazole on gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) depended on the CYP2C19 genotype status in relation to the grade of GERD. METHODS A total of 65 patients with GERD (grades(More)
OBJECTIVE For the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease, intragastric pH should be lower than 4.0 for no more than 4 hours a day (<16.7%). We aimed to develop optimal dosage regimens for rabeprazole to control nocturnal acidity in relation to cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 genotypes. METHODS Fifteen Helicobacter pylori -negative volunteers, comprising(More)