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Fertilization begins with interaction between the sperm and the egg. The surface of the vertebrate oocyte is covered with the egg envelope, which is composed of ZP (zona pellucida) glycoproteins. We have identified two glycoproteins, ZP1/gp97 and ZPC/gp42, as the major components of the chicken egg envelope. In the present study, another 42 kDa protein,(More)
In the present study we examined involvement of nuclear protein tyrosine phosphatase TC-PTP in PRL-mediated signaling. TC-PTP could dephosphorylate signal transducer and activator of transcription 5a (STAT5a) and STAT5b, but the apparent dephosphorylation activity of TC-PTP was weaker than that of cytosolic PTP1B 30 min after PRL stimulation in transfected(More)
Lactation-dependent regulation of leptin expression in mouse mammary gland and parametrial adipose tissue was estimated by RT-PCR analysis for virgin, pregnant, lactating and post-lactating mice, and the serum and milk leptin levels of these mice were also determined by ELISA. Leptin gene expression in mammary gland as well as in adipose tissue was(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNA that post-transcriptionally regulates gene expression. Some miRNAs have been proposed to be associated with obesity. However, miRNAs, which are related to the development of obesity in vivo remains unknown. Here in, we found the up-regulation of miR-335 in obesity using microarray analysis for miRNA. The(More)
Prolactin (PRL) plays a central and crucial role in the regulation of milk protein gene expression in mammary epithelial cells. PRL binding to its cognate receptor leads to receptor dimerization and activation of the tyrosine kinase Janus kinase 2 (JAK2), associated with the membrane-proximal, intracellular domain of the receptor. In turn, JAK2(More)
The cAMP-response element-binding protein-binding protein (CBP) and p300 are common coactivators for several transcriptional factors. It has been reported that both CBP and p300 are significant for the activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma), which is a crucial nuclear receptor in adipogenesis. However, it remains unclear(More)
Adipocytes are now recognized as endocrine cells secreting adipocytokines, regulating multiple metabolic pathways. In this study, we addressed secretion of microvesicles by 3T3-L1 adipocytes. We found that MFG-E8, one of the exosomal proteins, was present in the microvesicles and was distributed in the sucrose density fractions with 1.13-1.20 g/ml, which(More)
Visfatin is a secretory protein which exerts insulin mimetic and proinflammatory effects, also functioning as an intracellular enzyme to produce NAD. Plasma visfatin levels and visfatin mRNA expression in adipose tissues are increased in obese subjects. Visfatin does not have a decent cleavable signal sequence, and the mechanism, that mediates release of(More)
MFG-E8 (milk fat globule-EGF factor 8) is a peripheral membrane glycoprotein, which is expressed abundantly in lactating mammary glands and is secreted in association with fat globules. This protein consists of two-repeated EGF-like domains, a mucin-like domain and two-repeated discoidin-like domains (C-domains), and contains an integrin-binding motif (RGD(More)
We have recently found that 3T3-L1 adipocytes secrete microvesicles, known as adipocyte-derived microvesicles (ADMs), with angiogenic activity. In this study, we found that ADMs contain RNA without typical 28S and 18S ribosomal RNA inside the vesicles. Microarray analysis revealed that ADMs contain approximately 7000 mRNAs and 140 microRNAs. Most of(More)