Naohito Aoki

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By a series of centrifugation and ultracentrifugation, we could isolate microvesicles with approximately 100 nm in diameter from bovine milk. We also found that approximately 1700 and 1000 ng of total RNA, in which small RNAs were major components, was contained inside the microvesicles isolated from 6 ml of colostrum and mature milk, respectively, despite(More)
In the previous study, we demonstrated that the nuclear isoform of T-cell protein-tyrosine phosphatase (TC-PTP) dephosphorylated and deactivated signal transducer and activator of transcription 5a (STAT5a) and STAT5b, thereby negatively regulating prolactin (PRL)-mediated signaling pathway. In this study, we examined the involvement of the nuclear isoform(More)
In the present study we examined involvement of nuclear protein tyrosine phosphatase TC-PTP in PRL-mediated signaling. TC-PTP could dephosphorylate signal transducer and activator of transcription 5a (STAT5a) and STAT5b, but the apparent dephosphorylation activity of TC-PTP was weaker than that of cytosolic PTP1B 30 min after PRL stimulation in transfected(More)
Type II collagen (CII) in joint cartilage is known to be a major auto-antigen in human rheumatoid arthritis. Several animal model- and clinical-studies on tolerance-based immunotherapy for the arthritis have been conducted by administrating synthetic immunodominant peptides through an oral route. In the present study, to produce a tolerogenic peptide with(More)
Adipocytes are now recognized as endocrine cells secreting adipocytokines, regulating multiple metabolic pathways. In this study, we addressed secretion of microvesicles by 3T3-L1 adipocytes. We found that MFG-E8, one of the exosomal proteins, was present in the microvesicles and was distributed in the sucrose density fractions with 1.13-1.20 g/ml, which(More)
Visfatin is a secretory protein which exerts insulin mimetic and proinflammatory effects, also functioning as an intracellular enzyme to produce NAD. Plasma visfatin levels and visfatin mRNA expression in adipose tissues are increased in obese subjects. Visfatin does not have a decent cleavable signal sequence, and the mechanism, that mediates release of(More)
Fertilization begins with interaction between the sperm and the egg. The surface of the vertebrate oocyte is covered with the egg envelope, which is composed of ZP (zona pellucida) glycoproteins. We have identified two glycoproteins, ZP1/gp97 and ZPC/gp42, as the major components of the chicken egg envelope. In the present study, another 42 kDa protein,(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNA that post-transcriptionally regulates gene expression. Some miRNAs have been proposed to be associated with obesity. However, miRNAs, which are related to the development of obesity in vivo remains unknown. Here in, we found the up-regulation of miR-335 in obesity using microarray analysis for miRNA. The(More)
Prolactin (PRL) plays a central and crucial role in the regulation of milk protein gene expression in mammary epithelial cells. PRL binding to its cognate receptor leads to receptor dimerization and activation of the tyrosine kinase Janus kinase 2 (JAK2), associated with the membrane-proximal, intracellular domain of the receptor. In turn, JAK2(More)