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Current genome-wide microRNA (miRNA) expression signature analysis using deep sequencing technologies can drive the discovery of novel cancer pathways regulated by oncogenic and/or tumor suppressive miRNAs. We determined the genome-wide miRNA expression signature in bladder cancer (BC) by deep sequencing technology. A total of ten small RNA libraries were(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous short non-coding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression by repressing translation or cleaving RNA transcripts in a sequence-specific manner. A growing body of evidence suggests that miRNAs are aberrantly expressed in many human cancers and that they play significant roles in the initiation, development and metastasis(More)
OBJECTIVE Genistein is a soy isoflavone that has antitumor activity both in vitro and in vivo. It has been shown that genistein inhibits many type of cancers including prostate cancer (PCa) by regulating several cell signaling pathways and microRNAs (miRNAs). Recent studies suggest that the long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are also involved in many cellular(More)
The Down syndrome (DS) region on chromosome 21, which is responsible for the DS main features, has been defined by analysis of DS patients with partial trisomy 21. Within the DS region, we constructed a 1.6-Mb P1 contig map previously. To isolate gene fragments from the 1.6-Mb region, we performed direct cDNA library screening and exon trapping using the P1(More)
Cathepsin D is an aspartyl protease involved in protein catabolism and tissue remodeling which can be secreted from cancer cells. To identify a potential serum marker for gliomas, we investigated the gene expression levels of cathepsin D in 87 tissue samples and measured the protein concentrations in sera of glioma patients. The tissue samples consisted of(More)
BACKGROUND We have recently identified down-regulated microRNAs including miR-145 and miR-133a in bladder cancer (BC). The aim of this study is to determine the genes targeted by miR-145, which is the most down-regulated microRNA in BC. METHODS We focused on fascin homologue 1 (FSCN1) from the gene expression profile in miR-145 transfectant. The(More)
BACKGROUND On the base of the microRNA (miRNA) expression signature of bladder cancer (BC), we found that miR-1 and miR-133a were significantly downregulated in BC. In this study, we focussed on the functional significance of miR-1 and miR-133a in BC cell lines and identified a molecular network of these miRNAs. METHODS AND RESULTS We investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND Our recent analyses of miRNA expression signatures showed that miR-1 and miR-133a were significantly reduced in several types of cancer. Interestingly, miR-1 and miR-133a are located on the same chromosomal locus in the human genome. We examined the functional significance of miR-1 and miR-133a in prostate cancer (PCa) cells and identified the(More)
Analysis of proteins registered in the PIR protein database implied that most of relatively large proteins are related to important functions in higher multicellular organisms, but not many large proteins have been registered to date. To establish a protocol for efficient analysis of cDNA clones coding for large proteins, we constructed a series of strictly(More)
BACKGROUND Hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HSCC) is an aggressive malignancy with one of the worst prognoses among all head and neck cancers. Greater understanding of the pertinent molecular oncogenic pathways could help improve diagnosis, therapy, and prevention of this disease. The aim of this study was to identify tumour-suppressive microRNAs(More)